Hematopoietic cell transplantation in the twitcher mouse: The effects of pretransplant conditioning with graded doses of Busulfan

Andrew M Yeager, C. Shinn, M. Shinohara, D. M. Pardoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The effects of congenic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT; transplantation of bone marrow and spleen cells) after graded doses of busulfan (BU), a myeloablative but nonimmunosuppressive alkylating agent, were evaluated in the twitcher mouse model of human galactosylceramidase deficiency, a demyelinating sphingolipid storage disease. C57BL/6 twitcher mice (immunophenotype Ly-5.1) were given 10 to 50 mg/kg of BU or total-body irradiation (9.0 Gy) at age nine days and HCT from congenic Ly-5.2 donors 24 hr later. The 30-day post-HCT survival, an indicator of tolerance of the preparative regimen, was at least 83% in twitcher mice given 45 mg/kg or less of BU, was 50% in recipients of 50 mg/kg BU and 75% in TBI-conditioned twitchers. The lifespan of twitcher mice given HCT after 10 or 20 mg/kg of BU was similar to that of untreated twitchers (median survival, 42 days; range, 30-47). In contrast, mice transplanted after 35 to 50 mg/kg of BU had significantly prolonged survival (median, 82 days; range, 56-208) and stabilization of hindlimb paralysis, similar to TBI-conditioned recipients. Post-HCT repopulation by donor Ly-5.2 cells was determined by flow cytometry. Thirty days after HCT, only 11-15% of lymphohematopoietic cells in blood, bone marrow, and spleens were of Ly-5.2 donor origin in twitcher mice transplanted after 10 mg/kg of BU but 60-80% were of Ly-5.2 donor origin in mice transplanted after higher doses of BU. These levels further increased to 70-90% by 90 days after HCT, comparable to that seen after TBI. Levels of galactosylceramidase in livers, spleens, and brains of twitchers transplanted after 35-50 mg/kg of BU or after TBI increased to 30-116% of normal control values by 90 days after HCT. Conditioning for HCT with as little as 35 mg/kg of BU provides minimal peritransplant mortality, rapid and sustained establishment of donor lymphohematopoiesis, replacement of lysosomal hydrolase, and prolonged survival in this murine model of human sphingolipidosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-190
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume56
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Busulfan
Cell Transplantation
Sphingolipidoses
Galactosylceramidase
Survival
Spleen
Whole-Body Irradiation
Alkylating Agents
Hydrolases
Hindlimb
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Paralysis
Blood Cells
Flow Cytometry
Reference Values
Bone Marrow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Hematopoietic cell transplantation in the twitcher mouse : The effects of pretransplant conditioning with graded doses of Busulfan. / Yeager, Andrew M; Shinn, C.; Shinohara, M.; Pardoll, D. M.

In: Transplantation, Vol. 56, No. 1, 1993, p. 185-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The effects of congenic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT; transplantation of bone marrow and spleen cells) after graded doses of busulfan (BU), a myeloablative but nonimmunosuppressive alkylating agent, were evaluated in the twitcher mouse model of human galactosylceramidase deficiency, a demyelinating sphingolipid storage disease. C57BL/6 twitcher mice (immunophenotype Ly-5.1) were given 10 to 50 mg/kg of BU or total-body irradiation (9.0 Gy) at age nine days and HCT from congenic Ly-5.2 donors 24 hr later. The 30-day post-HCT survival, an indicator of tolerance of the preparative regimen, was at least 83{\%} in twitcher mice given 45 mg/kg or less of BU, was 50{\%} in recipients of 50 mg/kg BU and 75{\%} in TBI-conditioned twitchers. The lifespan of twitcher mice given HCT after 10 or 20 mg/kg of BU was similar to that of untreated twitchers (median survival, 42 days; range, 30-47). In contrast, mice transplanted after 35 to 50 mg/kg of BU had significantly prolonged survival (median, 82 days; range, 56-208) and stabilization of hindlimb paralysis, similar to TBI-conditioned recipients. Post-HCT repopulation by donor Ly-5.2 cells was determined by flow cytometry. Thirty days after HCT, only 11-15{\%} of lymphohematopoietic cells in blood, bone marrow, and spleens were of Ly-5.2 donor origin in twitcher mice transplanted after 10 mg/kg of BU but 60-80{\%} were of Ly-5.2 donor origin in mice transplanted after higher doses of BU. These levels further increased to 70-90{\%} by 90 days after HCT, comparable to that seen after TBI. Levels of galactosylceramidase in livers, spleens, and brains of twitchers transplanted after 35-50 mg/kg of BU or after TBI increased to 30-116{\%} of normal control values by 90 days after HCT. Conditioning for HCT with as little as 35 mg/kg of BU provides minimal peritransplant mortality, rapid and sustained establishment of donor lymphohematopoiesis, replacement of lysosomal hydrolase, and prolonged survival in this murine model of human sphingolipidosis.",
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