Heparin remains the most commonly used parenteral medication in hospitalized patients. Heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and heparin induced thrombocytopenia with thrombosis syndrome or the white clot syndrome are important complications of heparin use. This article provides an in-depth review of the etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management options in patients with HIT. Clinical problems associated with HIT such as antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and venous gangrene are described. The management options of HIT patients during cardiac interventional procedures and coronary surgery as well as recent advances in therapeutic options are summarized.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine