Heteronormativity, school climates, and perceived safety for gender nonconforming peers

Russell B. Toomey, Jenifer K. McGuire, Stephen T. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

Students' perceptions of their school climates are associated with psychosocial and academic adjustment. The present study examined the role of school strategies to promote safety in predicting students' perceptions of safety for gender nonconforming peers among 1415 students in 28 high schools. Using multilevel modeling techniques, we examined student- and school-level effects on students' perceptions of safety for gender nonconforming peers. We found that older students, bisexual youth, Latino youth, and youth who experienced school violence perceived their gender nonconforming male peers to be less safe. Similarly, we found that older students and students who experienced school violence and harassment due to gender nonconformity perceived their gender nonconforming female peers to be less safe. At the school-level, we found that when schools included lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) issues in the curriculum and had a Gay-Straight Alliance, students perceived their schools as safer for gender nonconforming male peers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-196
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Gender nonconformity
  • Heteronormativity
  • LGBT
  • School safety
  • School victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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