High-affinity phlorizin binding in Mytilus gill

Stephen Wright, Ana M. Pajor, Debra A. Moon, Theresa M. Wunz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gill of the marine mussel, Mytilus, contains a high affinity, Na-dependent d-glucose transporter capable of accumulating glucose directly from sea water. We examined the ability of the β-glucoside, phlorizin, to act as a high-affinity ligand of this process in intact gills and isolated brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV). The time course of association of nanomolar [3H]phlorizin to gills and BBMV was slow, with t50 values between 10 and 30 min, and a half-time for dissociation of approx. 30 min. 1 mM d-glucose reduced equilibrium binding of 1 nM phlorizin by 90-95%, indicating that there was little non-specific binding of this ligand to the gill. In addition, there was little, if any hydrolysis by the gill of phlorizin to its constituents, glucose and phloretin. Phlorizin binding to gills and BBMV was significantly inhibited by the addition of 50 μM concentrations of d-glucose and α-methyl-d-glucose, and unaffected by the addition of l-glucose and fructose. Binding to gills and BBMV was reduced by > 90% when Na+ was replaced by K+. Replacement of Na+ by Li+ effectively blocked binding to the intact gill, although Li+ did support a limited amount of glucose-specific phlorizin binding in BBMV. The Kd values for glucose-specific phlorizin binding in intact gills and BBMV were 0.5 nM and 6nM, respectively. We conclude that phlorizin binds with extremely high affinity to the Na-dependent glucose transporter of Mytilus gill, which may be useful in future efforts to isolate and purify the protein(s) involved in integumental glucose transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-218
Number of pages7
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume1103
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 31 1992

Fingerprint

Mytilus
Phlorhizin
Brushes
Glucose
Microvilli
Membranes
Facilitative Glucose Transport Proteins
Phloretin
Ligands
Glucosides
Bivalvia
Fructose
Seawater
Hydrolysis
Association reactions

Keywords

  • Brush-border membrane vesicle
  • Gill
  • Glucose transport
  • High affinity ligand binding
  • Mollusc
  • Sodium ion dependence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

High-affinity phlorizin binding in Mytilus gill. / Wright, Stephen; Pajor, Ana M.; Moon, Debra A.; Wunz, Theresa M.

In: BBA - Biomembranes, Vol. 1103, No. 2, 31.01.1992, p. 212-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wright, Stephen ; Pajor, Ana M. ; Moon, Debra A. ; Wunz, Theresa M. / High-affinity phlorizin binding in Mytilus gill. In: BBA - Biomembranes. 1992 ; Vol. 1103, No. 2. pp. 212-218.
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abstract = "The gill of the marine mussel, Mytilus, contains a high affinity, Na-dependent d-glucose transporter capable of accumulating glucose directly from sea water. We examined the ability of the β-glucoside, phlorizin, to act as a high-affinity ligand of this process in intact gills and isolated brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV). The time course of association of nanomolar [3H]phlorizin to gills and BBMV was slow, with t50 values between 10 and 30 min, and a half-time for dissociation of approx. 30 min. 1 mM d-glucose reduced equilibrium binding of 1 nM phlorizin by 90-95{\%}, indicating that there was little non-specific binding of this ligand to the gill. In addition, there was little, if any hydrolysis by the gill of phlorizin to its constituents, glucose and phloretin. Phlorizin binding to gills and BBMV was significantly inhibited by the addition of 50 μM concentrations of d-glucose and α-methyl-d-glucose, and unaffected by the addition of l-glucose and fructose. Binding to gills and BBMV was reduced by > 90{\%} when Na+ was replaced by K+. Replacement of Na+ by Li+ effectively blocked binding to the intact gill, although Li+ did support a limited amount of glucose-specific phlorizin binding in BBMV. The Kd values for glucose-specific phlorizin binding in intact gills and BBMV were 0.5 nM and 6nM, respectively. We conclude that phlorizin binds with extremely high affinity to the Na-dependent glucose transporter of Mytilus gill, which may be useful in future efforts to isolate and purify the protein(s) involved in integumental glucose transport.",
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