High Explosives and Propellants Energetics: Their Dissolution and Fate in Soils

Katerina M Dontsova, Susan Taylor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Live-fire military training scatters energetic compounds onto range soils. Once deposited on soil the explosives and propellants ingredients can dissolve in water, experience complex interactions with soil constituents, and migrate to groundwater. While in contact with soil these chemicals are also subject to biotic and abiotic (hydrolysis, photolysis, and reaction with metals) transformation both in the solid and in the aqueous state. In this chapter we summarize the current state of knowledge on how energetic residues are deposited on range soils, what the residues look like and how quickly they dissolve. We also describe the key physicochemical properties (aqueous solubility, (Sw) pH, octanol-water partitioning coefficient, of the energetic compounds in high explosives and propellants and how these parameters influence their biogeochemical interactions with soil. Knowing the reaction routes of these chemicals will help us understand their fate, their ecological impact, and how to enhance in situ remediation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationChallenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics
PublisherSpringer
Pages373-406
Number of pages34
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Publication series

NameChallenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics
Volume25
ISSN (Print)2542-4491
ISSN (Electronic)2542-4483

Keywords

  • Dissolution
  • High explosives
  • Reactive transport
  • Soil interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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  • Cite this

    Dontsova, K. M., & Taylor, S. (2017). High Explosives and Propellants Energetics: Their Dissolution and Fate in Soils. In Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics (pp. 373-406). (Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics; Vol. 25). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59208-4_11