High Lyman Continuum Escape Fraction in a Lensed Young Compact Dwarf Galaxy at z = 2.5

Fuyan Bian, Xiaohui Fan, Ian McGreer, Zheng Cai, Linhua Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the HST WFC3/F275W UV imaging observations of A2218-Flanking, a lensed compact dwarf galaxy at redshift z ≈ 2.5. The stellar mass of A2218-Flanking is log(M/Mo) = 9.14+0.07 -0.04 and SFR is 12.5+3.8 -7.4 Mo yr-1 after correcting the magnification. This galaxy has a young galaxy age of 127 Myr and a compact galaxy size of r1/2 = 2.4 kpc. The HST UV imaging observations cover the rest-frame Lyman continuum (LyC) emission (∼800 Å) from A2218-Flanking. We firmly detect (14σ) the LyC emission in A2218-Flanking in the F275W image. Together with the HST F606W images, we find that the absolute escape fraction of LyC is fabs,esc > 28%-57% based on the flux density ratio between 1700 and 800 Å (f1700/f800). The morphology of the LyC emission in the F275W images is extended and follows the morphology of the UV continuum morphology in the F606W images, suggesting that the f 800 is not from foreground contaminants. We find that the region with a high star formation rate surface density has a lower f1700/f800 (higher f800/f1700) ratio than the diffused regions, suggesting that LyC photons are more likely to escape from the region with the intensive star-forming process. We compare the properties of galaxies with and without LyC detections and find that LyC photons are easier to escape in low-mass galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL12
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume837
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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compact galaxies
dwarf galaxies
escape
continuums
galaxies
young
pollutant
photons
star formation rate
magnification
stellar mass
contaminants
flux density
stars

Keywords

  • cosmology: observations
  • dark ages reionization first stars
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • gravitational lensing: strong

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

High Lyman Continuum Escape Fraction in a Lensed Young Compact Dwarf Galaxy at z = 2.5. / Bian, Fuyan; Fan, Xiaohui; McGreer, Ian; Cai, Zheng; Jiang, Linhua.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 837, No. 1, L12, 01.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bian, Fuyan ; Fan, Xiaohui ; McGreer, Ian ; Cai, Zheng ; Jiang, Linhua. / High Lyman Continuum Escape Fraction in a Lensed Young Compact Dwarf Galaxy at z = 2.5. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 837, No. 1.
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AB - We present the HST WFC3/F275W UV imaging observations of A2218-Flanking, a lensed compact dwarf galaxy at redshift z ≈ 2.5. The stellar mass of A2218-Flanking is log(M∗/Mo) = 9.14+0.07 -0.04 and SFR is 12.5+3.8 -7.4 Mo yr-1 after correcting the magnification. This galaxy has a young galaxy age of 127 Myr and a compact galaxy size of r1/2 = 2.4 kpc. The HST UV imaging observations cover the rest-frame Lyman continuum (LyC) emission (∼800 Å) from A2218-Flanking. We firmly detect (14σ) the LyC emission in A2218-Flanking in the F275W image. Together with the HST F606W images, we find that the absolute escape fraction of LyC is fabs,esc > 28%-57% based on the flux density ratio between 1700 and 800 Å (f1700/f800). The morphology of the LyC emission in the F275W images is extended and follows the morphology of the UV continuum morphology in the F606W images, suggesting that the f 800 is not from foreground contaminants. We find that the region with a high star formation rate surface density has a lower f1700/f800 (higher f800/f1700) ratio than the diffused regions, suggesting that LyC photons are more likely to escape from the region with the intensive star-forming process. We compare the properties of galaxies with and without LyC detections and find that LyC photons are easier to escape in low-mass galaxies.

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