High-Power Higher Order Hermite-Gaussian and Laguerre-Gaussian Beams from Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers

Michal L. Lukowski, Jason T. Meyer, Chris Hessenius, Ewan M Wright, Mahmoud Fallahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


We report a vertical external cavity surface emitting laser (VECSEL) with an optical pumping scheme for the generation of higher order Hermite-Gaussian transverse modes. The VECSEL chip with emission around 1068 nm in a linear cavity configuration is capable of delivering a variety of higher order modes with Watt-level output power. A very good agreement between the modeling and experimental results validate the ideas underpinning the method. Additionally, simultaneous lasing of two independent and collinear transverse modes from a single laser cavity is demonstrated. An external astigmatic mode converter is finally utilized for the conversion of Hermite-Gaussian modes into corresponding Laguerre-Gaussian modes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8675371
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019



  • Hermite-Gaussian beam
  • Laguerre-Gaussian beam
  • multiple optical pumping
  • Vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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