High-redshift quasars in the cosmos survey

The space density of z > 3 X-ray selected QSOs

M. Brusa, A. Comastri, R. Gilli, G. Hasinger, K. Iwasawa, V. Mainieri, M. Mignoli, M. Salvato, G. Zamorani, A. Bongiorno, N. Cappelluti, F. Civano, F. Fiore, A. Merloni, J. Silverman, J. Trump, C. Vignali, P. Capak, M. Elvis, O. Ilbert & 2 others Christopher D Impey, S. Lilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a new measurement of the space density of high-redshift (z ≃ 3.0-4.5), X-ray-selected quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) obtained by exploiting the deep and uniform multiwavelength coverage of the COSMOS survey. We have assembled a large (40 objects), homogeneous sample of z > 3 QSOs with X-ray flux F0.5-2 keV > 10-15 erg cm-2 s-1, and available spectroscopic (22) or photometric (18) redshifts. We discuss their optical (color-color diagrams) and X-ray properties, their number counts and space densities and compare our findings with previous works and model predictions. We find that the optical properties of X-ray-selected quasars are not significantly different from those of optically selected samples. There is evidence for substantial X-ray absorption (logNH > 23 cm-2) in about 20% of the sources in the sample. We find that the comoving space density of luminous (LX ≳ 1044 erg s-1) QSOs declines exponentially (by an e-folding per unit redshift) in the z ∼ 3.0-4.5 range, with a behavior similar to that observed for optically bright unobscured QSOs selected in large area optical surveys. Prospects for future, large and deep X-ray surveys are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-22
Number of pages15
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume693
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009

Fingerprint

cosmos
space density
quasars
x rays
erg
color-color diagram
optical property
folding
diagram
optical properties
prediction
predictions

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • Surveys
  • X-rays: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Brusa, M., Comastri, A., Gilli, R., Hasinger, G., Iwasawa, K., Mainieri, V., ... Lilly, S. (2009). High-redshift quasars in the cosmos survey: The space density of z > 3 X-ray selected QSOs. Astrophysical Journal, 693(1), 8-22. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/693/1/8

High-redshift quasars in the cosmos survey : The space density of z > 3 X-ray selected QSOs. / Brusa, M.; Comastri, A.; Gilli, R.; Hasinger, G.; Iwasawa, K.; Mainieri, V.; Mignoli, M.; Salvato, M.; Zamorani, G.; Bongiorno, A.; Cappelluti, N.; Civano, F.; Fiore, F.; Merloni, A.; Silverman, J.; Trump, J.; Vignali, C.; Capak, P.; Elvis, M.; Ilbert, O.; Impey, Christopher D; Lilly, S.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 693, No. 1, 01.03.2009, p. 8-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brusa, M, Comastri, A, Gilli, R, Hasinger, G, Iwasawa, K, Mainieri, V, Mignoli, M, Salvato, M, Zamorani, G, Bongiorno, A, Cappelluti, N, Civano, F, Fiore, F, Merloni, A, Silverman, J, Trump, J, Vignali, C, Capak, P, Elvis, M, Ilbert, O, Impey, CD & Lilly, S 2009, 'High-redshift quasars in the cosmos survey: The space density of z > 3 X-ray selected QSOs', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 693, no. 1, pp. 8-22. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/693/1/8
Brusa, M. ; Comastri, A. ; Gilli, R. ; Hasinger, G. ; Iwasawa, K. ; Mainieri, V. ; Mignoli, M. ; Salvato, M. ; Zamorani, G. ; Bongiorno, A. ; Cappelluti, N. ; Civano, F. ; Fiore, F. ; Merloni, A. ; Silverman, J. ; Trump, J. ; Vignali, C. ; Capak, P. ; Elvis, M. ; Ilbert, O. ; Impey, Christopher D ; Lilly, S. / High-redshift quasars in the cosmos survey : The space density of z > 3 X-ray selected QSOs. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 693, No. 1. pp. 8-22.
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T2 - The space density of z > 3 X-ray selected QSOs

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AU - Comastri, A.

AU - Gilli, R.

AU - Hasinger, G.

AU - Iwasawa, K.

AU - Mainieri, V.

AU - Mignoli, M.

AU - Salvato, M.

AU - Zamorani, G.

AU - Bongiorno, A.

AU - Cappelluti, N.

AU - Civano, F.

AU - Fiore, F.

AU - Merloni, A.

AU - Silverman, J.

AU - Trump, J.

AU - Vignali, C.

AU - Capak, P.

AU - Elvis, M.

AU - Ilbert, O.

AU - Impey, Christopher D

AU - Lilly, S.

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N2 - We present a new measurement of the space density of high-redshift (z ≃ 3.0-4.5), X-ray-selected quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) obtained by exploiting the deep and uniform multiwavelength coverage of the COSMOS survey. We have assembled a large (40 objects), homogeneous sample of z > 3 QSOs with X-ray flux F0.5-2 keV > 10-15 erg cm-2 s-1, and available spectroscopic (22) or photometric (18) redshifts. We discuss their optical (color-color diagrams) and X-ray properties, their number counts and space densities and compare our findings with previous works and model predictions. We find that the optical properties of X-ray-selected quasars are not significantly different from those of optically selected samples. There is evidence for substantial X-ray absorption (logNH > 23 cm-2) in about 20% of the sources in the sample. We find that the comoving space density of luminous (LX ≳ 1044 erg s-1) QSOs declines exponentially (by an e-folding per unit redshift) in the z ∼ 3.0-4.5 range, with a behavior similar to that observed for optically bright unobscured QSOs selected in large area optical surveys. Prospects for future, large and deep X-ray surveys are also discussed.

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