High-resolution holocene environmental changes in the Thar Desert, northwestern India

Y. Enzel, L. L. Ely, S. Mishra, R. Ramesh, R. Amit, B. Lazar, S. N. Rajaguru, Victor Baker, A. Sandler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

303 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sediments from Lunkaransar dry lake in northwestern India reveal regional water table and lake level fluctuations over decades to centuries during the Holocene that are attributed to changes in the southwestern Indian monsoon rains. The lake levels were very shallow and fluctuated often in the early Holocene and then rose abruptly around 6300 carbon-14 years before the present (14C yr B.P.). The lake completely desiccated around 4800 14C yr B.P. The end of this 1500-year wet period coincided with a period of intense dune destabilization. The major Harrapan-Indus civilization began and flourished in this region 1000 years after desiccation of the lake during arid climate and was not synchronous with the lacustral phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-128
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume284
Issue number5411
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 1999

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environmental change
desert
Holocene
lake level
lake
civilization
desiccation
carbon isotope
dune
water table
monsoon
climate
sediment
rain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Enzel, Y., Ely, L. L., Mishra, S., Ramesh, R., Amit, R., Lazar, B., ... Sandler, A. (1999). High-resolution holocene environmental changes in the Thar Desert, northwestern India. Science, 284(5411), 125-128. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5411.125

High-resolution holocene environmental changes in the Thar Desert, northwestern India. / Enzel, Y.; Ely, L. L.; Mishra, S.; Ramesh, R.; Amit, R.; Lazar, B.; Rajaguru, S. N.; Baker, Victor; Sandler, A.

In: Science, Vol. 284, No. 5411, 02.04.1999, p. 125-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Enzel, Y, Ely, LL, Mishra, S, Ramesh, R, Amit, R, Lazar, B, Rajaguru, SN, Baker, V & Sandler, A 1999, 'High-resolution holocene environmental changes in the Thar Desert, northwestern India', Science, vol. 284, no. 5411, pp. 125-128. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5411.125
Enzel Y, Ely LL, Mishra S, Ramesh R, Amit R, Lazar B et al. High-resolution holocene environmental changes in the Thar Desert, northwestern India. Science. 1999 Apr 2;284(5411):125-128. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5411.125
Enzel, Y. ; Ely, L. L. ; Mishra, S. ; Ramesh, R. ; Amit, R. ; Lazar, B. ; Rajaguru, S. N. ; Baker, Victor ; Sandler, A. / High-resolution holocene environmental changes in the Thar Desert, northwestern India. In: Science. 1999 ; Vol. 284, No. 5411. pp. 125-128.
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