High-resolution imaging with 99mTc-glucarate for assessing myocardial injury in rat heart models exposed to different durations of ischemia with reperfusion

Zhonglin Liu, Harrison H Barrett, Gail D. Stevenson, George A. Kastis, Michael Bettan, Lars R Furenlid, Donald W. Wilson, Yan Pak Koon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

99mTc-Glucarate (99mTc-GLA) is a novel infarct-avid imaging agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of 99mTc-GLA for assessing the severity of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat heart models exposed to varied durations of left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion with reperfusion using a high-resolution SPECT system, FASTSPECT. We also wanted to clarify whether a rapid sequence of 3-dimensional imaging with FASTSPECT can quantify uptake and washout kinetics of cardiovascular imaging agents in smallanimal heart models. Methods: The ischemic-reperfused rat heart models were created by ligating the LCA for 30 min (IR30, n = 12) or 90 min (IR90, n = 6) (IR = ischemia-reperfusion) and releasing the ligature for 30 min. Dynamic images were acquired over a 2-h period after 99mTc-GLA was intravenously injected. The ischemic area at risk (IAR) was determined by Evans blue staining. Necrosis was assessed with triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Results: The infarct size of the left ventricle (% IAR) on TTC staining was smaller in IR30 (49.2 ± 4.3) than in IR90 (73.4 ± 4.7, P < 0.05), which exhibited evidence of more severe irreversible injury than the IR30 heart on TEM. FASTSPECT images demonstrated hot spot accumulations of 99mTc-GLA in all hearts. The washout of 99mTc-GLA from the ischemic-reperfused area in IR90 was significantly slower than that in IR30. The ratio of the hot spot to normal myocardial activity was 4.1 ± 0.3 in IR30 and 7.1 ± 1.1 in IR90 (P < 0.05). The hot spot size (% IAR) (58.4 ± 2.7 in IR30 vs. 75.9 ± 2.7 in IR90, P < 0.05) related significantly to the infarct size. Conclusion: The severity of myocardial injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion can be assessed by FASTSPECT imaging with 99mTc-GLA. The results suggest that 99mTc-GLA will be clinically useful in detecting and quantifying acute necrotic myocardium. The FASTSPECT imaging with the rat heart models provides a solution-specific approach with high-resolution and fast dynamic acquisition for kinetic studies of new myocardial imaging agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1251-1259
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume45
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004

Fingerprint

Reperfusion
Ischemia
Wounds and Injuries
Staining and Labeling
Reperfusion Injury
Coronary Vessels
Electrons
Heart Injuries
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
Cardiovascular Agents
Evans Blue
Coronary Occlusion
technetium Tc 99m glucarate
Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography
Heart Ventricles
Myocardial Ischemia
Ligation
Myocardium
Necrosis

Keywords

  • Tc-glucarate
  • High-resolution SPECT
  • Ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • Rat heart

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

High-resolution imaging with 99mTc-glucarate for assessing myocardial injury in rat heart models exposed to different durations of ischemia with reperfusion. / Liu, Zhonglin; Barrett, Harrison H; Stevenson, Gail D.; Kastis, George A.; Bettan, Michael; Furenlid, Lars R; Wilson, Donald W.; Koon, Yan Pak.

In: Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Vol. 45, No. 7, 01.07.2004, p. 1251-1259.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "High-resolution imaging with 99mTc-glucarate for assessing myocardial injury in rat heart models exposed to different durations of ischemia with reperfusion",
abstract = "99mTc-Glucarate (99mTc-GLA) is a novel infarct-avid imaging agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of 99mTc-GLA for assessing the severity of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat heart models exposed to varied durations of left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion with reperfusion using a high-resolution SPECT system, FASTSPECT. We also wanted to clarify whether a rapid sequence of 3-dimensional imaging with FASTSPECT can quantify uptake and washout kinetics of cardiovascular imaging agents in smallanimal heart models. Methods: The ischemic-reperfused rat heart models were created by ligating the LCA for 30 min (IR30, n = 12) or 90 min (IR90, n = 6) (IR = ischemia-reperfusion) and releasing the ligature for 30 min. Dynamic images were acquired over a 2-h period after 99mTc-GLA was intravenously injected. The ischemic area at risk (IAR) was determined by Evans blue staining. Necrosis was assessed with triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Results: The infarct size of the left ventricle ({\%} IAR) on TTC staining was smaller in IR30 (49.2 ± 4.3) than in IR90 (73.4 ± 4.7, P < 0.05), which exhibited evidence of more severe irreversible injury than the IR30 heart on TEM. FASTSPECT images demonstrated hot spot accumulations of 99mTc-GLA in all hearts. The washout of 99mTc-GLA from the ischemic-reperfused area in IR90 was significantly slower than that in IR30. The ratio of the hot spot to normal myocardial activity was 4.1 ± 0.3 in IR30 and 7.1 ± 1.1 in IR90 (P < 0.05). The hot spot size ({\%} IAR) (58.4 ± 2.7 in IR30 vs. 75.9 ± 2.7 in IR90, P < 0.05) related significantly to the infarct size. Conclusion: The severity of myocardial injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion can be assessed by FASTSPECT imaging with 99mTc-GLA. The results suggest that 99mTc-GLA will be clinically useful in detecting and quantifying acute necrotic myocardium. The FASTSPECT imaging with the rat heart models provides a solution-specific approach with high-resolution and fast dynamic acquisition for kinetic studies of new myocardial imaging agents.",
keywords = "Tc-glucarate, High-resolution SPECT, Ischemia-reperfusion injury, Rat heart",
author = "Zhonglin Liu and Barrett, {Harrison H} and Stevenson, {Gail D.} and Kastis, {George A.} and Michael Bettan and Furenlid, {Lars R} and Wilson, {Donald W.} and Koon, {Yan Pak}",
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T1 - High-resolution imaging with 99mTc-glucarate for assessing myocardial injury in rat heart models exposed to different durations of ischemia with reperfusion

AU - Liu, Zhonglin

AU - Barrett, Harrison H

AU - Stevenson, Gail D.

AU - Kastis, George A.

AU - Bettan, Michael

AU - Furenlid, Lars R

AU - Wilson, Donald W.

AU - Koon, Yan Pak

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N2 - 99mTc-Glucarate (99mTc-GLA) is a novel infarct-avid imaging agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of 99mTc-GLA for assessing the severity of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat heart models exposed to varied durations of left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion with reperfusion using a high-resolution SPECT system, FASTSPECT. We also wanted to clarify whether a rapid sequence of 3-dimensional imaging with FASTSPECT can quantify uptake and washout kinetics of cardiovascular imaging agents in smallanimal heart models. Methods: The ischemic-reperfused rat heart models were created by ligating the LCA for 30 min (IR30, n = 12) or 90 min (IR90, n = 6) (IR = ischemia-reperfusion) and releasing the ligature for 30 min. Dynamic images were acquired over a 2-h period after 99mTc-GLA was intravenously injected. The ischemic area at risk (IAR) was determined by Evans blue staining. Necrosis was assessed with triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Results: The infarct size of the left ventricle (% IAR) on TTC staining was smaller in IR30 (49.2 ± 4.3) than in IR90 (73.4 ± 4.7, P < 0.05), which exhibited evidence of more severe irreversible injury than the IR30 heart on TEM. FASTSPECT images demonstrated hot spot accumulations of 99mTc-GLA in all hearts. The washout of 99mTc-GLA from the ischemic-reperfused area in IR90 was significantly slower than that in IR30. The ratio of the hot spot to normal myocardial activity was 4.1 ± 0.3 in IR30 and 7.1 ± 1.1 in IR90 (P < 0.05). The hot spot size (% IAR) (58.4 ± 2.7 in IR30 vs. 75.9 ± 2.7 in IR90, P < 0.05) related significantly to the infarct size. Conclusion: The severity of myocardial injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion can be assessed by FASTSPECT imaging with 99mTc-GLA. The results suggest that 99mTc-GLA will be clinically useful in detecting and quantifying acute necrotic myocardium. The FASTSPECT imaging with the rat heart models provides a solution-specific approach with high-resolution and fast dynamic acquisition for kinetic studies of new myocardial imaging agents.

AB - 99mTc-Glucarate (99mTc-GLA) is a novel infarct-avid imaging agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of 99mTc-GLA for assessing the severity of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat heart models exposed to varied durations of left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion with reperfusion using a high-resolution SPECT system, FASTSPECT. We also wanted to clarify whether a rapid sequence of 3-dimensional imaging with FASTSPECT can quantify uptake and washout kinetics of cardiovascular imaging agents in smallanimal heart models. Methods: The ischemic-reperfused rat heart models were created by ligating the LCA for 30 min (IR30, n = 12) or 90 min (IR90, n = 6) (IR = ischemia-reperfusion) and releasing the ligature for 30 min. Dynamic images were acquired over a 2-h period after 99mTc-GLA was intravenously injected. The ischemic area at risk (IAR) was determined by Evans blue staining. Necrosis was assessed with triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Results: The infarct size of the left ventricle (% IAR) on TTC staining was smaller in IR30 (49.2 ± 4.3) than in IR90 (73.4 ± 4.7, P < 0.05), which exhibited evidence of more severe irreversible injury than the IR30 heart on TEM. FASTSPECT images demonstrated hot spot accumulations of 99mTc-GLA in all hearts. The washout of 99mTc-GLA from the ischemic-reperfused area in IR90 was significantly slower than that in IR30. The ratio of the hot spot to normal myocardial activity was 4.1 ± 0.3 in IR30 and 7.1 ± 1.1 in IR90 (P < 0.05). The hot spot size (% IAR) (58.4 ± 2.7 in IR30 vs. 75.9 ± 2.7 in IR90, P < 0.05) related significantly to the infarct size. Conclusion: The severity of myocardial injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion can be assessed by FASTSPECT imaging with 99mTc-GLA. The results suggest that 99mTc-GLA will be clinically useful in detecting and quantifying acute necrotic myocardium. The FASTSPECT imaging with the rat heart models provides a solution-specific approach with high-resolution and fast dynamic acquisition for kinetic studies of new myocardial imaging agents.

KW - Tc-glucarate

KW - High-resolution SPECT

KW - Ischemia-reperfusion injury

KW - Rat heart

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