The pure rotational spectrum of CoS, the cobalt sulfide radical, has been measured using direct absorption techniques in the frequency range of 180-540 GHz. This study is the first spectroscopic investigation of any kind of this molecule. CoS was created by reacting cobalt vapor with H2 S. Four spin components were identified in the spectra of this species, one of which exhibited lambda doubling, identifying the ground state as Δi4. Transitions arising from the lowest spin component of the less abundant Co S34 isotopomer have also been detected, as well as from v=1 and v=2 of the main species. The spectra were readily identified because each spin component exhibited an octet pattern arising from the Co59 spin of I=72. The data were fit using Hund's case (a) Hamiltonian, and rotational, fine-structure, hyperfine, and lambda-doubling constants were determined. The hyperfine parameters support a δ3 π 2 electron configuration and are consistent with some orbital overlap between the metal and sulfur atoms. From the rotational constant, the bond length of CoS was calculated to be r0 =1.977 985 06 (10) Å. This bond length is significantly shorter than that of MnS or FeS, in contrast to the bond distances found in the oxide analogs which are all similar in value. These results indicate that the 3d metal sulfides differ somewhat from their oxide counterparts, probably due to the availability of sulfur p orbitals for bonding.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry