Higher CSF sTREM2 attenuates ApoE4-related risk for cognitive decline and neurodegeneration

Nicolai Franzmeier, M. Suárez-Calvet, Lukas Frontzkowski, Annah Moore, Timothy J. Hohman, Estrella Morenas-Rodriguez, Brigitte Nuscher, Leslie Shaw, John Q. Trojanowski, Martin Dichgans, Gernot Kleinberger, Christian Haass, Michael Ewers, Michael Weiner, Paul Aisen, Gerald Novak, Robert C. Green, Tom Montine, Ronald Petersen, Anthony GamstRonald G. Thomas, Michael Donohue, Sarah Walter, Devon Gessert, Tamie Sather, Laurel Beckett, Danielle Harvey, John Kornak, Clifford R. Jack, Anders Dale, Matthew Bernstein, Joel Felmlee, Nick Fox, Paul Thompson, Norbert Schuff, Gene Alexander, Charles Decarli, William Jagust, Dan Bandy, Robert A. Koeppe, Norm Foster, Eric M. Reiman, Kewei Chen, Chet Mathis, John Morris, Nigel J. Cairns, Lisa Taylor-Reinwald, J. Q. Trojanowki, Les Shaw, Virginia M.Y. Lee, Magdalena Korecka, Arthur W. Toga, Karen Crawford, Scott Neu, Andrew J. Saykin, Tatiana M. Foroud, Steven Potkin, Li Shen, Zaven Kachaturian, Richard Frank, Peter J. Snyder, Susan Molchan, Jeffrey Kaye, Sara Dolen, Joseph Quinn, Lon S. Schneider, Sonia Pawluczyk, Bryan M. Spann, James Brewer, Helen Vanderswag, Judith L. Heidebrink, Joanne L. Lord, Kris Johnson, Rachelle S. Doody, Javier Villanueva-Meyer, Munir Chowdhury, Yaakov Stern, Lawrence S. Honig, Karen L. Bell, John C. Morris, Mark A. Mintun, Stacy Schneider, Daniel Marson, Randall Griffith, David Clark, Hillel Grossman, Effie Mitsis, Aliza Romirowsky, Leyla Detoledo-Morrell, Raj C. Shah, Ranjan Duara, Daniel Varon, Peggy Roberts, Marilyn Albert, Chiadi Onyike, Stephanie Kielb, Henry Rusinek, Mony J. De Leon, Lidia Glodzik, P. Murali Doraiswamy, Jeffrey R. Petrella, Steven E. Arnold, Jason H. Karlawish, David Wolk, Charles D. Smith, Greg Jicha, Peter Hardy, Oscar L. Lopez, Mary Ann Oakley, Donna M. Simpson, M. Saleem Ismail, Connie Brand, Ruth A. Mulnard, Gaby Thai, Catherine Mc-Adams-Ortiz, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Kristen Martin-Cook, Michael Devous, Allan I. Levey, James J. Lah, Janet S. Cellar, Jeffrey M. Burns, Heather S. Anderson, Russell H. Swerdlow, George Bartzokis, Daniel H.S. Silverman, Po H. Lu, Liana Apostolova, Neill R. Graff-Radford, Francine Parfitt, Heather Johnson, Martin Farlow, Scott Herring, Ann M. Hake, Christopher H. Van Dyck, Richard E. Carson, Martha G. MacAvoy, Howard Chertkow, Howard Bergman, Chris Hosein, Sandra Black, Bojana Stefanovic, Curtis Caldwell, Ging Yuek Robin Hsiung, Howard Feldman, Michele Assaly, Andrew Kertesz, John Rogers, Dick Trost, Charles Bernick, Donna Munic, Chuang Kuo Wu, Nancy Johnson, Marsel Mesulam, Carl Sadowsky, Walter Martinez, Teresa Villena, Raymond Scott Turner, Kathleen Johnson, Brigid Reynolds, Reisa A. Sperling, Meghan Frey, Keith A. Johnson, Allyson Rosen, Jared Tinklenberg, Wes Ashford, Marwan Sabbagh, Christine Belden, Sandra Jacobson, Ronald Killiany, Alexander Norbash, Anil Nair, Thomas O. Obisesan, Saba Wolday, Salome K. Bwayo, Alan Lerner, Leon Hudson, Paula Ogrocki, Evan Fletcher, Owen Carmichael, Smita Kittur, Michael Borrie, T. Y. Lee, Rob Bartha, Sterling Johnson, Sanjay Asthana, Cynthia M. Carlsson, Steven G. Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Pierre Tariot, Adam Fleisher, Stephanie Reeder, Vernice Bates, Horacio Capote, Michelle Rainka, Barry A. Hendin, Douglas W. Scharre, Maria Kataki, Earl A. Zimmerman, Dzintra Celmins, Alice D. Brown, Hartford Hosp, Godfrey D. Pearlson, Karen Blank, Karen Anderson, Robert B. Santulli, Eben S. Schwartz, Jeff D. Williamson, Kaycee M. Sink, Franklin Watkins, Brian R. Ott, Henry Querfurth, Geoffrey Tremont, Stephen Salloway, Paul Malloy, Stephen Correia, Howard J. Rosen, Bruce L. Miller, Jacobo Mintzer, Crystal Flynn Longmire, Kenneth Spicer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Apolipoprotein E ϵ4 allele (i.e. ApoE4) is the strongest genetic risk factor for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). TREM2 (i.e. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2) is a microglial transmembrane protein brain that plays a central role in microglia activation in response to AD brain pathologies. Whether higher TREM2-related microglia activity modulates the risk to develop clinical AD is an open question. Thus, the aim of the current study was to assess whether higher sTREM2 attenuates the effects of ApoE4-effects on future cognitive decline and neurodegeneration. Methods: We included 708 subjects ranging from cognitively normal (CN, n = 221) to mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 414) and AD dementia (n = 73) from the Alzheimer's disease Neuroimaging Initiative. We used linear regression to test the interaction between ApoE4-carriage by CSF-assessed sTREM2 levels as a predictor of longitudinally assessed cognitive decline and MRI-assessed changes in hippocampal volume changes (mean follow-up of 4 years, range of 1.7-7 years). Results: Across the entire sample, we found that higher CSF sTREM2 at baseline was associated with attenuated effects of ApoE4-carriage (i.e. sTREM2 x ApoE4 interaction) on longitudinal global cognitive (p = 0.001, Cohen's f 2 = 0.137) and memory decline (p = 0.006, Cohen's f 2 = 0.104) as well as longitudinally assessed hippocampal atrophy (p = 0.046, Cohen's f 2 = 0.089), independent of CSF markers of primary AD pathology (i.e. Aβ1-42, p-tau181). While overall effects of sTREM2 were small, exploratory subanalyses stratified by diagnostic groups showed that beneficial effects of sTREM2 were pronounced in the MCI group. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a higher CSF sTREM2 levels are associated with attenuated ApoE4-related risk for future cognitive decline and AD-typical neurodegeneration. These findings provide further evidence that TREM2 may be protective against the development of AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number57
JournalMolecular Neurodegeneration
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 8 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • ApoE4
  • Cognitive decline
  • Microglial activation
  • Neurodegeneration
  • sTREM2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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