Histamine-mediated increases in cytosolic [Ca2+] involve different mechanisms in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle and endothelial cells

Joseph R.H. Mauban, Katherine Wilkinson, Christian Schach, Jason X.J. Yuan

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Agonist stimulation of human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and endothelial cells (PAEC) with histamine showed similar spatiotemporal patterns of Ca2+ release. Both sustained elevation and oscillatory patterns of changes in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca 2+]cyt) were observed in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. Capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE) was induced in PASMC and PAEC by passive depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores with 10 μM cyclopiazonic acid (CPA; 15-30 min). The pyrazole derivative BTP2 inhibited CPA-activated Ca2+ influx, suggesting that depletion of CPA-sensitive internal stores is sufficient to induce CCE in both PASMC and PAEC. The recourse of histamine-mediated Ca2+ release was examined after exposure of cells to CPA, thapsigargin, caffeine, ryanodine, FCCP, or bafilomycin. In PASMC bathed in Ca2+-free solution, treatment with CPA almost abolished histamine-induced rises in [Ca2+]cyt. In PAEC bathed in Ca2+-free solution, however, treatment with CPA eliminated histamine-induced sustained and oscillatory rises in [Ca 2+]cyt but did not affect initial transient increase in [Ca2+]cyt. Furthermore, treatment of PAEC with a combination of CPA (or thapsigargin) and caffeine (and ryanodine), FCCP, or bafilomycin did not abolish histamine-induced transient [Ca2+] cyt increases. These observations indicate that 1) depletion of CPA-sensitive stores is sufficient to cause CCE in both PASMC and PAEC; 2) induction of CCE in PAEC does not require depletion of all internal Ca 2+ stores; 3) the histamine-releasable internal stores in PASMC are mainly CPA-sensitive stores; 4) PAEC, in addition to a CPA-sensitive functional pool, contain other stores insensitive to CPA, thapsigargin, caffeine, ryanodine, FCCP, and bafilomycin; and 5) although the CPA-insensitive stores in PAEC may not contribute to CCE, they contribute to histamine-mediated Ca 2+ release.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C325-C336
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006
Externally publishedYes



  • Intracellular calcium stores
  • Oscillations
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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