Holographic spectrum-splitting photovoltaic system using bifacial cells

Benjamin D. Chrysler, Raymond K. Kostuk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this paper a photovoltaic system is proposed that achieves high energy yield by integrating bifacial silicon cells into a spectrum-splitting module. Spectrum-splitting is accomplished using volume holographic elements to spectrally divide sunlight onto an array of PV cells with different bandgap energies. Diffuse sunlight is transmitted through the holographic element and converted. Light that is reflected off the ground surface is incident upon the rear side of the module and converted by the bifacial silicon cells. A diffuse scattering surface is applied to the rear-side of the monofacial wide-bandgap cell to redirect light to the bifacial silicon and increase the light collection. The volume holographic element optimization is automated and practical system design parameters such as concentration and aspect ratio are analyzed. An example using 22.5% efficient silicon and 28.8% efficient GaAs is presented and shows that an energy conversion efficiency of 32.9% can be achieved using typical utility scale illumination parameters. An economic analysis is presented that shows the installed cost per watt can be reduced by over 30% compared to a monofacial silicon panel and can even provide benefit if the cost of the wide-bandgap cell is over 10X the cost of silicon cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotonics for Solar Energy Systems VIII
EditorsAlexander N. Sprafke, Jan Christoph Goldschmidt, Gregory Pandraud
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510635043
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
EventPhotonics for Solar Energy Systems VIII 2020 - None, France
Duration: Apr 6 2020Apr 10 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11366
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferencePhotonics for Solar Energy Systems VIII 2020
CountryFrance
CityNone
Period4/6/204/10/20

Keywords

  • Bifacial
  • Concentration
  • Energy yield
  • High-efficiency
  • Holography
  • Illumination
  • Optimization
  • Spectrum-splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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