Hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, and asthma after implementation of arizona's comprehensive statewide smoking ban

Patricia M. Herman, Michele E. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. We examined the impact of Arizona's May 2007 comprehensive statewide smoking ban on hospital admissions for diagnoses for which there is evidence of a causal relationship with secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure (acute myocardial infarction [AMI], angina, stroke, and asthma). Methods. We compared monthly hospital admissions from January 2004 through May 2008 for these primary diagnoses and 4 diagnoses not associated with SHS (appendicitis, kidney stones, acute cholecystitis, and ulcers) for Arizona counties with preexisting county or municipal smoking bans and counties with no previous bans. We attributed reductions in admissions to the statewide ban if they occurred only in diagnoses associated with SHS and if they were larger in counties with no previous bans. We analyzed the data with Poisson regressions, controlling for seasonality and admissions trends. We also estimated cost savings. Results. Statistically significant reductions in hospital admissions were seen for AMI, angina, stroke, and asthma in counties with no previous bans over what was seen in counties with previous bans. No ban variable coefficients were statistically significant for diagnoses not associated with SHS. Conclusions. Arizona's statewide smoking ban decreased hospital admissions for AMI, stroke, asthma, and angina. (Am J Public Health. 2011;101:491-496.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-496
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, and asthma after implementation of arizona's comprehensive statewide smoking ban'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this