How Does Sexual Identity Disclosure Impact School Experiences?

Ryan J. Watson, Christopher W. Wheldon, Stephen T Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals disproportionately report negative academic outcomes and experiences as a result of stigma and discrimination. No research to date has investigated how being out in different social relationships may affect these youth. We compare youth who are out to family, friends, and people at school to understand which patterns of disclosure are related to school experiences. More complex patterns of “outness” were associated with lower academic achievement and more harassment, whereas being out to no one or everyone was associated with the best outcomes. These findings have important implications for scholars, stakeholders, and counselors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-396
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of LGBT Youth
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2015

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • bullying
  • harassment
  • identity disclosure
  • LGBT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Gender Studies

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