Hst hot jupiter transmission spectral survey: Detection of water in HAT-P-1b from WFC3 near-IR spatial scan observations

H. R. Wakeford, D. K. Sing, D. Deming, N. P. Gibson, J. J. Fortney, A. S. Burrows, G. Ballester, N. Nikolov, S. Aigrain, G. Henry, H. Knutson, A. Lecavelier des Etangs, F. Pont, Adam Showman, A. Vidal-Madjar, K. Zahnle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present Hubble Space Telescope near-infrared transmission spectroscopy of the transiting hot-Jupiter HAT-P-1b. We observed one transit withWide Field Camera 3 using the G141 lowresolution grism to cover thewavelength range 1.087-1.678μm. These time series observations were taken with the newly available spatial-scan mode that increases the duty cycle by nearly a factor of 2, thus improving the resulting photometric precision of the data. We measure a planetto-star radius ratio of Rp/R* = 0.117 09 ± 0.000 38 in the white light curve with the centre of transit occurring at 245 6114.345 ± 0.000 133 (JD). We achieve S/N levels per exposure of 1840 (0.061 per cent) at a resolution of δλ = 19.2 nm (R ~ 70) in the 1.1173-1.6549 μm spectral region, providing the precision necessary to probe the transmission spectrum of the planet at close to the resolution limit of the instrument. We compute the transmission spectrum using both single target and differential photometry with similar results. The resultant transmission spectrum shows a significant absorption above the 5s level matching the 1.4 μm water absorption band. In solar composition models, the water absorption is sensitive to the ~1 m bar pressure levels at the terminator. The detected absorption agrees with that predicted by a 1000K isothermal model, as well as with that predicted by a planetary-averaged temperature model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3481-3493
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume435
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

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Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter
transit
water
planetary temperature
Hubble Space Telescope
light curve
photometry
planets
near infrared
planet
spectroscopy
cameras
probe
time series
absorption spectra
stars
cycles
radii
detection

Keywords

  • Planetary systems
  • Planets and satellites: atmospheres
  • Techniques: Spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Hst hot jupiter transmission spectral survey : Detection of water in HAT-P-1b from WFC3 near-IR spatial scan observations. / Wakeford, H. R.; Sing, D. K.; Deming, D.; Gibson, N. P.; Fortney, J. J.; Burrows, A. S.; Ballester, G.; Nikolov, N.; Aigrain, S.; Henry, G.; Knutson, H.; Lecavelier des Etangs, A.; Pont, F.; Showman, Adam; Vidal-Madjar, A.; Zahnle, K.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 435, No. 4, 11.2013, p. 3481-3493.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wakeford, HR, Sing, DK, Deming, D, Gibson, NP, Fortney, JJ, Burrows, AS, Ballester, G, Nikolov, N, Aigrain, S, Henry, G, Knutson, H, Lecavelier des Etangs, A, Pont, F, Showman, A, Vidal-Madjar, A & Zahnle, K 2013, 'Hst hot jupiter transmission spectral survey: Detection of water in HAT-P-1b from WFC3 near-IR spatial scan observations', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 435, no. 4, pp. 3481-3493. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt1536
Wakeford, H. R. ; Sing, D. K. ; Deming, D. ; Gibson, N. P. ; Fortney, J. J. ; Burrows, A. S. ; Ballester, G. ; Nikolov, N. ; Aigrain, S. ; Henry, G. ; Knutson, H. ; Lecavelier des Etangs, A. ; Pont, F. ; Showman, Adam ; Vidal-Madjar, A. ; Zahnle, K. / Hst hot jupiter transmission spectral survey : Detection of water in HAT-P-1b from WFC3 near-IR spatial scan observations. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2013 ; Vol. 435, No. 4. pp. 3481-3493.
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abstract = "We present Hubble Space Telescope near-infrared transmission spectroscopy of the transiting hot-Jupiter HAT-P-1b. We observed one transit withWide Field Camera 3 using the G141 lowresolution grism to cover thewavelength range 1.087-1.678μm. These time series observations were taken with the newly available spatial-scan mode that increases the duty cycle by nearly a factor of 2, thus improving the resulting photometric precision of the data. We measure a planetto-star radius ratio of Rp/R* = 0.117 09 ± 0.000 38 in the white light curve with the centre of transit occurring at 245 6114.345 ± 0.000 133 (JD). We achieve S/N levels per exposure of 1840 (0.061 per cent) at a resolution of δλ = 19.2 nm (R ~ 70) in the 1.1173-1.6549 μm spectral region, providing the precision necessary to probe the transmission spectrum of the planet at close to the resolution limit of the instrument. We compute the transmission spectrum using both single target and differential photometry with similar results. The resultant transmission spectrum shows a significant absorption above the 5s level matching the 1.4 μm water absorption band. In solar composition models, the water absorption is sensitive to the ~1 m bar pressure levels at the terminator. The detected absorption agrees with that predicted by a 1000K isothermal model, as well as with that predicted by a planetary-averaged temperature model.",
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T1 - Hst hot jupiter transmission spectral survey

T2 - Detection of water in HAT-P-1b from WFC3 near-IR spatial scan observations

AU - Wakeford, H. R.

AU - Sing, D. K.

AU - Deming, D.

AU - Gibson, N. P.

AU - Fortney, J. J.

AU - Burrows, A. S.

AU - Ballester, G.

AU - Nikolov, N.

AU - Aigrain, S.

AU - Henry, G.

AU - Knutson, H.

AU - Lecavelier des Etangs, A.

AU - Pont, F.

AU - Showman, Adam

AU - Vidal-Madjar, A.

AU - Zahnle, K.

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - We present Hubble Space Telescope near-infrared transmission spectroscopy of the transiting hot-Jupiter HAT-P-1b. We observed one transit withWide Field Camera 3 using the G141 lowresolution grism to cover thewavelength range 1.087-1.678μm. These time series observations were taken with the newly available spatial-scan mode that increases the duty cycle by nearly a factor of 2, thus improving the resulting photometric precision of the data. We measure a planetto-star radius ratio of Rp/R* = 0.117 09 ± 0.000 38 in the white light curve with the centre of transit occurring at 245 6114.345 ± 0.000 133 (JD). We achieve S/N levels per exposure of 1840 (0.061 per cent) at a resolution of δλ = 19.2 nm (R ~ 70) in the 1.1173-1.6549 μm spectral region, providing the precision necessary to probe the transmission spectrum of the planet at close to the resolution limit of the instrument. We compute the transmission spectrum using both single target and differential photometry with similar results. The resultant transmission spectrum shows a significant absorption above the 5s level matching the 1.4 μm water absorption band. In solar composition models, the water absorption is sensitive to the ~1 m bar pressure levels at the terminator. The detected absorption agrees with that predicted by a 1000K isothermal model, as well as with that predicted by a planetary-averaged temperature model.

AB - We present Hubble Space Telescope near-infrared transmission spectroscopy of the transiting hot-Jupiter HAT-P-1b. We observed one transit withWide Field Camera 3 using the G141 lowresolution grism to cover thewavelength range 1.087-1.678μm. These time series observations were taken with the newly available spatial-scan mode that increases the duty cycle by nearly a factor of 2, thus improving the resulting photometric precision of the data. We measure a planetto-star radius ratio of Rp/R* = 0.117 09 ± 0.000 38 in the white light curve with the centre of transit occurring at 245 6114.345 ± 0.000 133 (JD). We achieve S/N levels per exposure of 1840 (0.061 per cent) at a resolution of δλ = 19.2 nm (R ~ 70) in the 1.1173-1.6549 μm spectral region, providing the precision necessary to probe the transmission spectrum of the planet at close to the resolution limit of the instrument. We compute the transmission spectrum using both single target and differential photometry with similar results. The resultant transmission spectrum shows a significant absorption above the 5s level matching the 1.4 μm water absorption band. In solar composition models, the water absorption is sensitive to the ~1 m bar pressure levels at the terminator. The detected absorption agrees with that predicted by a 1000K isothermal model, as well as with that predicted by a planetary-averaged temperature model.

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