HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9

K. S. Noll, M. A. McGrath, L. M. Trafton, S. K. Atreya, J. J. Caldwell, H. A. Weaver, Roger Yelle, C. Barnet, S. Edgington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultraviolet spectra obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope identified at least 10 molecules and atoms in the perturbed stratosphere near the G impact site, most never before observed in Jupiter. The large mass of sulfur-containing material, more than 1014 grams in S2 alone, indicates that many of the sulfur-containing molecules S2, CS2, CS, H2S, and S+ may be derived from a sulfur-bearing parent molecule native to Jupiter. If so, the fragment must have penetrated at least as deep as the predicted NH4SH cloud at a pressure of approximately 1 to 2 bars. Stratospheric NH3 was also observed, which is consistent with fragment penetration below the cloud tops. Approximately 107 grams of neutral and ionized metals were observed in emission, including Mg II, Mg I, Si I, Fe I, and Fe II. Oxygen-containing molecules were conspicuous by their absence; upper limits for SO2, SO, CO, SiO, and H2O are derived.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1307-1313
Number of pages7
JournalScience
Volume267
Issue number5202
StatePublished - Mar 3 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sulfur
Telescopes
Carbon Monoxide
Metals
Oxygen
Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Noll, K. S., McGrath, M. A., Trafton, L. M., Atreya, S. K., Caldwell, J. J., Weaver, H. A., ... Edgington, S. (1995). HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9. Science, 267(5202), 1307-1313.

HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9. / Noll, K. S.; McGrath, M. A.; Trafton, L. M.; Atreya, S. K.; Caldwell, J. J.; Weaver, H. A.; Yelle, Roger; Barnet, C.; Edgington, S.

In: Science, Vol. 267, No. 5202, 03.03.1995, p. 1307-1313.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Noll, KS, McGrath, MA, Trafton, LM, Atreya, SK, Caldwell, JJ, Weaver, HA, Yelle, R, Barnet, C & Edgington, S 1995, 'HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9', Science, vol. 267, no. 5202, pp. 1307-1313.
Noll KS, McGrath MA, Trafton LM, Atreya SK, Caldwell JJ, Weaver HA et al. HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9. Science. 1995 Mar 3;267(5202):1307-1313.
Noll, K. S. ; McGrath, M. A. ; Trafton, L. M. ; Atreya, S. K. ; Caldwell, J. J. ; Weaver, H. A. ; Yelle, Roger ; Barnet, C. ; Edgington, S. / HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9. In: Science. 1995 ; Vol. 267, No. 5202. pp. 1307-1313.
@article{ecb2831ed9e44f72bce074c0c6e21bca,
title = "HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9",
abstract = "Ultraviolet spectra obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope identified at least 10 molecules and atoms in the perturbed stratosphere near the G impact site, most never before observed in Jupiter. The large mass of sulfur-containing material, more than 1014 grams in S2 alone, indicates that many of the sulfur-containing molecules S2, CS2, CS, H2S, and S+ may be derived from a sulfur-bearing parent molecule native to Jupiter. If so, the fragment must have penetrated at least as deep as the predicted NH4SH cloud at a pressure of approximately 1 to 2 bars. Stratospheric NH3 was also observed, which is consistent with fragment penetration below the cloud tops. Approximately 107 grams of neutral and ionized metals were observed in emission, including Mg II, Mg I, Si I, Fe I, and Fe II. Oxygen-containing molecules were conspicuous by their absence; upper limits for SO2, SO, CO, SiO, and H2O are derived.",
author = "Noll, {K. S.} and McGrath, {M. A.} and Trafton, {L. M.} and Atreya, {S. K.} and Caldwell, {J. J.} and Weaver, {H. A.} and Roger Yelle and C. Barnet and S. Edgington",
year = "1995",
month = "3",
day = "3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "267",
pages = "1307--1313",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "5202",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9

AU - Noll, K. S.

AU - McGrath, M. A.

AU - Trafton, L. M.

AU - Atreya, S. K.

AU - Caldwell, J. J.

AU - Weaver, H. A.

AU - Yelle, Roger

AU - Barnet, C.

AU - Edgington, S.

PY - 1995/3/3

Y1 - 1995/3/3

N2 - Ultraviolet spectra obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope identified at least 10 molecules and atoms in the perturbed stratosphere near the G impact site, most never before observed in Jupiter. The large mass of sulfur-containing material, more than 1014 grams in S2 alone, indicates that many of the sulfur-containing molecules S2, CS2, CS, H2S, and S+ may be derived from a sulfur-bearing parent molecule native to Jupiter. If so, the fragment must have penetrated at least as deep as the predicted NH4SH cloud at a pressure of approximately 1 to 2 bars. Stratospheric NH3 was also observed, which is consistent with fragment penetration below the cloud tops. Approximately 107 grams of neutral and ionized metals were observed in emission, including Mg II, Mg I, Si I, Fe I, and Fe II. Oxygen-containing molecules were conspicuous by their absence; upper limits for SO2, SO, CO, SiO, and H2O are derived.

AB - Ultraviolet spectra obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope identified at least 10 molecules and atoms in the perturbed stratosphere near the G impact site, most never before observed in Jupiter. The large mass of sulfur-containing material, more than 1014 grams in S2 alone, indicates that many of the sulfur-containing molecules S2, CS2, CS, H2S, and S+ may be derived from a sulfur-bearing parent molecule native to Jupiter. If so, the fragment must have penetrated at least as deep as the predicted NH4SH cloud at a pressure of approximately 1 to 2 bars. Stratospheric NH3 was also observed, which is consistent with fragment penetration below the cloud tops. Approximately 107 grams of neutral and ionized metals were observed in emission, including Mg II, Mg I, Si I, Fe I, and Fe II. Oxygen-containing molecules were conspicuous by their absence; upper limits for SO2, SO, CO, SiO, and H2O are derived.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029633939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029633939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 7871428

AN - SCOPUS:0029633939

VL - 267

SP - 1307

EP - 1313

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5202

ER -