Hubble Space Telescope Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) observations of VW Hydri 2 and 7 days after the end of a superoutburst reveal a heated white dwarf with deep broad Lya, narrow metallic absorption features and evidence of a hotter Keplerian-broadened component.We confirm the existence of enhanced abundances of odd-numbered nuclear species P, Mn, and Al as well as an N/C ratio indicative of CNO H-burning thermonuclear processing. Our best single-temperature white dwarf reduced x2 fit to the first spectrum reveals (1) a DAZQ white dwarf with T=22,500±500 K, log g=8.0, and photospheric abundances C=0.3 solar, N=3.0 solar, eff O=3.0 solar, Si=0.3 solar, Al=2 solar, Fe=0.5 solar, Mg=3.0 solar, Mn=50 solar, Ni=0.3 solar, P=15 solar, and Ti=0.1 solar. The best-fit white dwarf + accretion belt composite model yields a large improvement in the reduced χ2 value. The accretion belt temperature is 32,000 K and covers a fractional area of 3%, contributing 11% of the flux. The second spectrum 5 days later reveals slightly increased metal abundances except that P is elevated to 20 times solar while Fe has declined to 0.05 times solar. The white dwarf has cooled by ≈1000 K, the belt temperature is 32,000 K, and the fractional area and flux contribution of the belt are 5% and 20%, respectively. These STIS observations confirm that a past (prehistoric?) thermonuclear runaway has occurred on the white dwarf in VW Hyi. It is expected that the thermonuclear runaway would be strong enough to produce a nova outburst. Therefore, these two classes of close binaries, namely, dwarf novae and classical novae, are linked and can overlap.
- Accretion disks stars: abundances stars: dwarf novae stars: individual (VW Hydri)-white dwarfs
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science