Hybrid cross-linkable polymer/sol-gel waveguide modulators with 0.65 v half wave voltage at 1550 nm

Y. Enami, D. Mathine, C. T. Derose, R. A. Norwood, J. Luo, A. K.Y. Jen, N. Peyghambarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors report on a hybrid cross-linked electro-optic (EO) polymer/sol-gel Mach-Zehnder waveguide modulator with a half wave voltage (Vπ) of 0.65 V at 1550 nm. The low Vπ was achieved by a design that (1) combines both physical vertical tapers in the sol-gel core and photobleached index tapers in the EO polymer and (2) reduces the thickness of the device to 8 μm. These combined physical and index tapers result in improved optical mode confinement in the EO polymer with low adiabatic optical transition loss. The reduced thickness results in a larger field across the EO polymer for the same voltage, enabling a lower Vπ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number093505
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume91
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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