Hybrid electro-optic polymer/sol-gel waveguide modulator fabricated by all-wet etching process

Y. Enami, G. Meredith, Nasser N Peyghambarian, A. K Y Jen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fabrication of a hybrid electro-optic polymer (EOP)/sol-gel waveguide modulator by all-wet etching process was discussed. Sol-gel overcladding was used. Optical confinement in the EOP that enables adiabatic transition between the waveguides was also discussed. It was found that hybrid approach has advantages for coupling loss, waveguide and signal stability. The results also show that if thickness of the EOP was increased to 0.9 μm in a laterally confined structure it reduces the V π to 22 V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4692-4694
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume83
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 2003

Fingerprint

electro-optics
modulators
etching
gels
waveguides
polymers
fabrication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Hybrid electro-optic polymer/sol-gel waveguide modulator fabricated by all-wet etching process. / Enami, Y.; Meredith, G.; Peyghambarian, Nasser N; Jen, A. K Y.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 83, No. 23, 08.12.2003, p. 4692-4694.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{112d6709095949fa904adfff89e29385,
title = "Hybrid electro-optic polymer/sol-gel waveguide modulator fabricated by all-wet etching process",
abstract = "The fabrication of a hybrid electro-optic polymer (EOP)/sol-gel waveguide modulator by all-wet etching process was discussed. Sol-gel overcladding was used. Optical confinement in the EOP that enables adiabatic transition between the waveguides was also discussed. It was found that hybrid approach has advantages for coupling loss, waveguide and signal stability. The results also show that if thickness of the EOP was increased to 0.9 μm in a laterally confined structure it reduces the V π to 22 V.",
author = "Y. Enami and G. Meredith and Peyghambarian, {Nasser N} and Jen, {A. K Y}",
year = "2003",
month = "12",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1063/1.1630850",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "83",
pages = "4692--4694",
journal = "Applied Physics Letters",
issn = "0003-6951",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Publising LLC",
number = "23",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hybrid electro-optic polymer/sol-gel waveguide modulator fabricated by all-wet etching process

AU - Enami, Y.

AU - Meredith, G.

AU - Peyghambarian, Nasser N

AU - Jen, A. K Y

PY - 2003/12/8

Y1 - 2003/12/8

N2 - The fabrication of a hybrid electro-optic polymer (EOP)/sol-gel waveguide modulator by all-wet etching process was discussed. Sol-gel overcladding was used. Optical confinement in the EOP that enables adiabatic transition between the waveguides was also discussed. It was found that hybrid approach has advantages for coupling loss, waveguide and signal stability. The results also show that if thickness of the EOP was increased to 0.9 μm in a laterally confined structure it reduces the V π to 22 V.

AB - The fabrication of a hybrid electro-optic polymer (EOP)/sol-gel waveguide modulator by all-wet etching process was discussed. Sol-gel overcladding was used. Optical confinement in the EOP that enables adiabatic transition between the waveguides was also discussed. It was found that hybrid approach has advantages for coupling loss, waveguide and signal stability. The results also show that if thickness of the EOP was increased to 0.9 μm in a laterally confined structure it reduces the V π to 22 V.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0346936447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0346936447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.1630850

DO - 10.1063/1.1630850

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0346936447

VL - 83

SP - 4692

EP - 4694

JO - Applied Physics Letters

JF - Applied Physics Letters

SN - 0003-6951

IS - 23

ER -