Hydrochemistry of formation water with implication to diagenetic reactions in Sanzhao depression and Qijia-gulong depression of Songliao Basin, China

Jianmei Cheng, Jennifer C. McIntosh, Xinong Xie, Jiu Jimmy Jiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Sanzhao depression and Qijia-gulong depression are two of the most important hydrocarbon-bearing sub-depressions in the Songliao basin, dominated by Cretaceous fluvial and lacustrine strata with volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks. In this paper, the pressure distributions and hydrochemistry variations in those two depressions are investigated. It is found that the Qijia-gulong depression is dominated by overpressure, but the Sanzhao depression is dominated by underpressure, especially in the Quantou formation. The salinity of formation water ranges from 1.0 g/ L to 20 g/L, with a mean of 4 g/L in most formations. Water composition is dominated by NaHCO3 water type but varies greatly in salinity and ionic ratios in the different depressions. The results of mass balance calculation reveal that, fluid chemistry in the Qijia-gulong depression is dominated by dissolution of silicate minerals and halite, whereas in the Sanzhao depression it is dominated by silicate mineral dissolution, evaporite dissolution (halite and gypsum), carbonate mineral dissolution/precipitation, and cation exchange.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-90
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Geochemical Exploration
Volume88
Issue number1-3 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Keywords

  • Abnormal pressure
  • Diagenesis reaction
  • Fluid chemistry
  • Qijia-gulong depression
  • Sanzhao depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Economic Geology

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