Hydrogen production of a heavy hydrocarbon fuel autothermal reformer on NiO-Rh based monolithic catalysts

Xinhai Xu, Shuyang Zhang, Peiwen Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Catalytic autothermal reforming (ATR) is one promising technology to effectively produce hydrogen and syngas from heavy hydrocarbon fuels for fuel cell applications. The present study describes the development of a cylindrical 1.5 kWe scale autothermal reformer for on-board SOFCs. NiO-Rh bimetallic catalysts supported on 400 cpsi cordierite monoliths were experimentally examined in the reformer. Promoters including cerium, potassium and lanthanum were introduced in the catalysts preparation to improve their performance. Dodecane (C12H26) was used as a surrogate for desulfurized commercial Jet-A fuel (C11.6H22.3) to study the hydrogen selectivity and efficiency of ATR reactions with different catalysts. Gas chromatography (GC) equipped with TCD detector was used to monitor the concentration of H2, CO, CO2 and N2 in the reformate. The catalysts screening tests were performed at the same operation conditions including inlet temperatures, reactor temperature, steam to carbon ratio and oxygen to carbon ratio. The best catalyst was reported to have efficiency about 85 percent. The optimized reactor operation temperature was reported as 700 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability
PublisherWeb Portal ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791845882
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
EventASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability - Boston, United States
Duration: Jun 30 2014Jul 2 2014

Publication series

NameASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability

Other

OtherASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period6/30/147/2/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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  • Cite this

    Xu, X., Zhang, S., & Li, P. (2014). Hydrogen production of a heavy hydrocarbon fuel autothermal reformer on NiO-Rh based monolithic catalysts. In ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability (ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability). Web Portal ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers). https://doi.org/10.1115/FuelCell2014-6624