Hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming of desulfurized Jet-A fuel

Shuyang Zhang, Xiaoxin Wang, Peiwen Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

On-board hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming is beneficial to vehicles using fuel cells because it eliminates the challenges of hydrogen storage. As the primary fuel for both civilian and military air flight application, Jet-A fuel (after desulfurization) was reformed for making hydrogenrich fuels in this study using an in-house-made Rh/NiO/K-La-Ce-Al-OX AT R catalyst under various operating conditions. Based on the preliminary thermodynamic analysis of reaction equilibrium, important parameters such as ratios of H2O/C and O2/C were selected, in the range of 1.1-2.5 and 0.5-1.0, respectively. The optimal operating conditions were experimentally obtained at the reactor's temperature of 696.2 °C, which gave H2O/C = 2.5 and O2/C = 0.5, and the obtained fuel conversion percentage, hydrogen yield (can be large than 1 from definition), and energy efficiency were 88.66%, 143.84%, and 64.74%, respectively. In addition, a discussion of the concentration variation of CO and CO2 at different H2O/C, as well as the analysis of fuel conversion profile, leads to the finding of effective approaches for suppression of coke formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiofuels, Hydrogen, Syngas, and Alternate Fuels; CHP and Hybrid Power and Energy Systems; Concentrating Solar Power; Energy Storage; Environmental, Economic, and Policy Considerations of Advanced Energy Systems; Geothermal, Ocean, and Emerging Energy Technologies; Photovoltaics; Posters; Solar Chemistry; Sustainable Building Energy Systems; Sustainable Infrastructure and Transportation; Thermodynamic Analysis of Energy Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9780791850220
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventASME 2016 10th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2016, collocated with the ASME 2016 Power Conference and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology - Charlotte, United States
Duration: Jun 26 2016Jun 30 2016

Other

OtherASME 2016 10th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2016, collocated with the ASME 2016 Power Conference and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
CountryUnited States
CityCharlotte
Period6/26/166/30/16

Fingerprint

Catalytic reforming
Hydrogen production
Hydrogen storage
Desulfurization
Coke
Energy efficiency
Fuel cells
Thermodynamics
Hydrogen
Catalysts
Air

Keywords

  • ATR reaction
  • Autothermal reforming
  • Desulfurized Jet-A fuel
  • Hydrogen production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Zhang, S., Wang, X., & Li, P. (2016). Hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming of desulfurized Jet-A fuel. In Biofuels, Hydrogen, Syngas, and Alternate Fuels; CHP and Hybrid Power and Energy Systems; Concentrating Solar Power; Energy Storage; Environmental, Economic, and Policy Considerations of Advanced Energy Systems; Geothermal, Ocean, and Emerging Energy Technologies; Photovoltaics; Posters; Solar Chemistry; Sustainable Building Energy Systems; Sustainable Infrastructure and Transportation; Thermodynamic Analysis of Energy Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies (Vol. 1). [59095] American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2016-59095

Hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming of desulfurized Jet-A fuel. / Zhang, Shuyang; Wang, Xiaoxin; Li, Peiwen.

Biofuels, Hydrogen, Syngas, and Alternate Fuels; CHP and Hybrid Power and Energy Systems; Concentrating Solar Power; Energy Storage; Environmental, Economic, and Policy Considerations of Advanced Energy Systems; Geothermal, Ocean, and Emerging Energy Technologies; Photovoltaics; Posters; Solar Chemistry; Sustainable Building Energy Systems; Sustainable Infrastructure and Transportation; Thermodynamic Analysis of Energy Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies. Vol. 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2016. 59095.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zhang, S, Wang, X & Li, P 2016, Hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming of desulfurized Jet-A fuel. in Biofuels, Hydrogen, Syngas, and Alternate Fuels; CHP and Hybrid Power and Energy Systems; Concentrating Solar Power; Energy Storage; Environmental, Economic, and Policy Considerations of Advanced Energy Systems; Geothermal, Ocean, and Emerging Energy Technologies; Photovoltaics; Posters; Solar Chemistry; Sustainable Building Energy Systems; Sustainable Infrastructure and Transportation; Thermodynamic Analysis of Energy Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies. vol. 1, 59095, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME 2016 10th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2016, collocated with the ASME 2016 Power Conference and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, Charlotte, United States, 6/26/16. https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2016-59095
Zhang S, Wang X, Li P. Hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming of desulfurized Jet-A fuel. In Biofuels, Hydrogen, Syngas, and Alternate Fuels; CHP and Hybrid Power and Energy Systems; Concentrating Solar Power; Energy Storage; Environmental, Economic, and Policy Considerations of Advanced Energy Systems; Geothermal, Ocean, and Emerging Energy Technologies; Photovoltaics; Posters; Solar Chemistry; Sustainable Building Energy Systems; Sustainable Infrastructure and Transportation; Thermodynamic Analysis of Energy Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies. Vol. 1. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2016. 59095 https://doi.org/10.1115/ES2016-59095
Zhang, Shuyang ; Wang, Xiaoxin ; Li, Peiwen. / Hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming of desulfurized Jet-A fuel. Biofuels, Hydrogen, Syngas, and Alternate Fuels; CHP and Hybrid Power and Energy Systems; Concentrating Solar Power; Energy Storage; Environmental, Economic, and Policy Considerations of Advanced Energy Systems; Geothermal, Ocean, and Emerging Energy Technologies; Photovoltaics; Posters; Solar Chemistry; Sustainable Building Energy Systems; Sustainable Infrastructure and Transportation; Thermodynamic Analysis of Energy Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies. Vol. 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2016.
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abstract = "On-board hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming is beneficial to vehicles using fuel cells because it eliminates the challenges of hydrogen storage. As the primary fuel for both civilian and military air flight application, Jet-A fuel (after desulfurization) was reformed for making hydrogenrich fuels in this study using an in-house-made Rh/NiO/K-La-Ce-Al-OX AT R catalyst under various operating conditions. Based on the preliminary thermodynamic analysis of reaction equilibrium, important parameters such as ratios of H2O/C and O2/C were selected, in the range of 1.1-2.5 and 0.5-1.0, respectively. The optimal operating conditions were experimentally obtained at the reactor's temperature of 696.2 °C, which gave H2O/C = 2.5 and O2/C = 0.5, and the obtained fuel conversion percentage, hydrogen yield (can be large than 1 from definition), and energy efficiency were 88.66{\%}, 143.84{\%}, and 64.74{\%}, respectively. In addition, a discussion of the concentration variation of CO and CO2 at different H2O/C, as well as the analysis of fuel conversion profile, leads to the finding of effective approaches for suppression of coke formation.",
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AB - On-board hydrogen production via catalytic autothermal reforming is beneficial to vehicles using fuel cells because it eliminates the challenges of hydrogen storage. As the primary fuel for both civilian and military air flight application, Jet-A fuel (after desulfurization) was reformed for making hydrogenrich fuels in this study using an in-house-made Rh/NiO/K-La-Ce-Al-OX AT R catalyst under various operating conditions. Based on the preliminary thermodynamic analysis of reaction equilibrium, important parameters such as ratios of H2O/C and O2/C were selected, in the range of 1.1-2.5 and 0.5-1.0, respectively. The optimal operating conditions were experimentally obtained at the reactor's temperature of 696.2 °C, which gave H2O/C = 2.5 and O2/C = 0.5, and the obtained fuel conversion percentage, hydrogen yield (can be large than 1 from definition), and energy efficiency were 88.66%, 143.84%, and 64.74%, respectively. In addition, a discussion of the concentration variation of CO and CO2 at different H2O/C, as well as the analysis of fuel conversion profile, leads to the finding of effective approaches for suppression of coke formation.

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