Hydrologic-process-based soil texture classifications for improved visualization of landscape function

Derek G. Groenendyk, Paul A Ferre, Kelly R. Thorp, Amy K. Rice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soils lie at the interface between the atmosphere and the subsurface and are a key component that control ecosystem services, food production, and many other processes at the Earth's surface. There is a long-established convention for identifying and mapping soils by texture. These readily available, georeferenced soil maps and databases are used widely in environmental sciences. Here, we show that these traditional soil classifications can be inappropriate, contributing to bias and uncertainty in applications from slope stability to water resource management. We suggest a new approach to soil classification, with a detailed example from the science of hydrology. Hydrologic simulations based on common meteorological conditions were performed using HYDRUS-1D, spanning textures identified by the United States Department of Agriculture soil texture triangle. We consider these common conditions to be: drainage from saturation, infiltration onto a drained soil, and combined infiltration and drainage events. Using a k-means clustering algorithm, we created soil classifications based on the modeled hydrologic responses of these soils. The hydrologic-process-based classifications were compared to those based on soil texture and a single hydraulic property, K<inf>s</inf>. Differences in classifications based on hydrologic response versus soil texture demonstrate that traditional soil texture classification is a poor predictor of hydrologic response. We then developed a QGIS plugin to construct soil maps combining a classification with georeferenced soil data from the Natural Resource Conservation Service. The spatial patterns of hydrologic response were more immediately informative, much simpler, and less ambiguous, for use in applications ranging from trafficability to irrigation management to flood control. The ease with which hydrologic-process-based classifications can be made, along with the improved quantitative predictions of soil responses and visualization of landscape function, suggest that hydrologic-process-based classifications should be incorporated into environmental process models and can be used to define application-specific maps of hydrologic function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0131299
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2015

Fingerprint

soil texture
Soil
Visualization
Textures
Soils
soil classification
soil
infiltration (hydrology)
drainage
texture
trafficability
control components
Natural Resources Conservation Service
environmental science
soil surveys
food production
irrigation management
USDA
water management
ecosystem services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Hydrologic-process-based soil texture classifications for improved visualization of landscape function. / Groenendyk, Derek G.; Ferre, Paul A; Thorp, Kelly R.; Rice, Amy K.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 10, No. 6, e0131299, 29.06.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Groenendyk, Derek G. ; Ferre, Paul A ; Thorp, Kelly R. ; Rice, Amy K. / Hydrologic-process-based soil texture classifications for improved visualization of landscape function. In: PLoS One. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 6.
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