Hydroponic horticulture using residual waters from Oreochromis niloticus aquaculture with biofloc technology in photoautotrophic conditions with Chlorella microalgae

Yenitze E. Fimbres-Acedo, Rosalía Servín-Villegas, Rodolfo Garza-Torres, Masato Endo, Kevin M. Fitzsimmons, Maurício G.C. Emerenciano, Paola Magallón-Servín, Melissa López-Vela, Francisco J. Magallón-Barajas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein-dependent aquaculture generates large amounts of nutrient-rich residuals; a feasible way to develop sustainable production systems is to integrate Decoupled Aquaponic Systems (DAPS) with residual water bioprocesses, to combine Photoautotrophic Biofloc Technology (P-BFT) aquaculture and hydroponic horticulture. This study describes the characteristics of residual water from Oreochromis niloticus aquaculture performed with P-BFT inoculated with Chlorella microalgae, reared during the nursery (180 fish m3) and grow-out (55 fish m3) phases. The experiment included five treatments: photoautotrophic BFT inoculated with Chlorella sp. (M), C. sorokiniana 2714 (CV), and C. sorokiniana 2805 (CS), and chemoautotrophic (Q) and heterotrophic (H) as controls. Elemental characteristics in liquid and solid residual fractions (15 macro- and micronutrients) were compared among treatments and against Hoagland & Arnon solution with hydroponics and used in Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) hydroponic horticulture including five plant species: lettuce (Lactuca sativa), pak-choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis), rocket (Eruca sativa), spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and basil (Ocimum basilicum). The physicochemical parameters were ideal for O. niloticus and plants. The relationship between N:P was ideal until weeks 16–22 in the photoautotrophic treatments, compared with hydroponic solutions. Micronutrient content was greater in the solid than a liquid fraction. The best BFT effluent regarding fish and plant growth was photoautotrophic treatments. Oreochromis niloticus BFT aquaculture in photoautotrophic mode using microalgae Chlorella inoculations provided residual water beneficial to hydroponic horticulture in DAPS located in coastal arid zones where freshwater is scarce, improving aquaculture performance and reusing water and nutrients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4340-4360
Number of pages21
JournalAquaculture Research
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Oreochromis
  • aquaponic system
  • hydroponics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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