Studies were undertaken to determine whether a hypotensive episode under variable conditions is capable of inducing experimental acute renal failure in rats. Animals were subjected to hypovolemic shock by withdrawing volumes of blood necessary to maintain a systolic pressure of 30-40 mm Hg for 105-110 min. The blood was then reinfused and the animal was allowed to recover for 48 h prior to sacrifice. In an attempt to increase the injury, a second group of animals was salt-depleted prior to injury, a third group was volume-depleted by being deprived of H2O for 72 h prior to injury, a fourth group received 7.5 mg/kg indomethacin 30 min prior to injury, and a fifth group had 30% of the blood which was removed to produce shock hemolyzed and returned following the injury. In all groups examined, light microscopy revealed a moderate to severe acute tubular necrosis localized mainly in the outer stripe of the outer zone as defined by Peter (1909). Tubular damage was confined to the medullary pars recta of the proximal tubule and only in the most severe cases did injury involve the cortical pars recta and pars convoluta. Casts were present in the distal tubules and collecting ducts. Despite these significant histologic alterations, BUN values from all experimental groups remained within control levels. These studies clearly show that extensive necrosis of the medullary pars recta can be dissociated from the development of acute renal failure.
- Acute tubular necrosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine