Identification of a vimentin-like function associated molecule (FAM) on rat NK cells: Evidence for receptor function

D. L. Evans, David T. Harris, J. H. Leary, A. L. St John, L. Jaso-Friedmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 5C6 specifically binds to fish, rat and human NK cells and inhibits cytotoxicity. The molecule recognized by this MoAb is a 50-53-kDa membrane protein on rat leukaemic NK (CRC) cells. In the present study, we have obtained a partial internal amino acid sequence from a purified 42-kDa fragment of the CRC-function associated molecule (FAM). Three tryptic peptide fragments were sequenced and each showed homology to intermediate filament vimentin sequences as deduced from (GenBank) mouse cDNA sequences. Amino acid composition analysis indicated that similar to cytoskeletal vimentin, the FAM contained a high percentage of non-polar amino acids. To further assess the similarities between this protein and vimentin, two commercially available antivimentin MoAbs and one anti-vimentin polyclonal antibody were tested for binding and inhibition of NK cytotoxicity. All anti-vimentin MoAbs inhibited killing by rat NWNA cells of appropriate targets. Antivimentin MoAb 13.2 bound to 41% of NWNA cells compared with approximately 58% binding for MoAb 5C6. Capping and sequential binding experiments showed that MoAb 5C6 effectively removed, from CRC-cell membranes, the protein recognized by MoAb V9. Sequential addition of these two MoAbs (MoAb 13.2 followed by MoAb V9) to CRC cells did not produce competitive binding. Biochemical and Western blot analysis of the vimentin-like protein obtained from CRC cells indicated that this protein has a molecular weight of 48-50 kDa, with an isoelectric point of pH 6.1-6.3. This protein is cross-reactive by Western blot analysis with anti-vimentin and anti-intermediate filament (IFA) antigen MoAbs but not with anti-desmin or anti-actin MoAbs. The molecular weight heterogeneity (43 versus 48-50 kDa) of the CRC protein was also examined. Western blot analysis of the CRC extract after different in vitro incubation times at 37°C and 4°C demonstrated that the 50-53-kDa 'native' protein degraded to a 42-kDa protein by 24 and 48 h respectively. This degradation was inhibitable by 10 mM EGTA. Evidence is presented which indicates that a vimentin-like protein on transformed rat NK cells may be an antigen binding receptor which initiates target cell lysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-142
Number of pages12
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Volume37
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Natural Killer Cell Receptors
Vimentin
Monoclonal Antibodies
Proteins
Natural Killer Cells
Intermediate Filaments
Western Blotting
Membrane Proteins
Molecular Weight
Amino Acids
Antigen Receptors
Peptide Fragments
Competitive Binding
Desmin
Egtazic Acid
Nucleic Acid Databases
Isoelectric Point
Actins
Amino Acid Sequence
Fishes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Identification of a vimentin-like function associated molecule (FAM) on rat NK cells : Evidence for receptor function. / Evans, D. L.; Harris, David T.; Leary, J. H.; St John, A. L.; Jaso-Friedmann, L.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, Vol. 37, No. 2, 1993, p. 131-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 5C6 specifically binds to fish, rat and human NK cells and inhibits cytotoxicity. The molecule recognized by this MoAb is a 50-53-kDa membrane protein on rat leukaemic NK (CRC) cells. In the present study, we have obtained a partial internal amino acid sequence from a purified 42-kDa fragment of the CRC-function associated molecule (FAM). Three tryptic peptide fragments were sequenced and each showed homology to intermediate filament vimentin sequences as deduced from (GenBank) mouse cDNA sequences. Amino acid composition analysis indicated that similar to cytoskeletal vimentin, the FAM contained a high percentage of non-polar amino acids. To further assess the similarities between this protein and vimentin, two commercially available antivimentin MoAbs and one anti-vimentin polyclonal antibody were tested for binding and inhibition of NK cytotoxicity. All anti-vimentin MoAbs inhibited killing by rat NWNA cells of appropriate targets. Antivimentin MoAb 13.2 bound to 41{\%} of NWNA cells compared with approximately 58{\%} binding for MoAb 5C6. Capping and sequential binding experiments showed that MoAb 5C6 effectively removed, from CRC-cell membranes, the protein recognized by MoAb V9. Sequential addition of these two MoAbs (MoAb 13.2 followed by MoAb V9) to CRC cells did not produce competitive binding. Biochemical and Western blot analysis of the vimentin-like protein obtained from CRC cells indicated that this protein has a molecular weight of 48-50 kDa, with an isoelectric point of pH 6.1-6.3. This protein is cross-reactive by Western blot analysis with anti-vimentin and anti-intermediate filament (IFA) antigen MoAbs but not with anti-desmin or anti-actin MoAbs. The molecular weight heterogeneity (43 versus 48-50 kDa) of the CRC protein was also examined. Western blot analysis of the CRC extract after different in vitro incubation times at 37°C and 4°C demonstrated that the 50-53-kDa 'native' protein degraded to a 42-kDa protein by 24 and 48 h respectively. This degradation was inhibitable by 10 mM EGTA. Evidence is presented which indicates that a vimentin-like protein on transformed rat NK cells may be an antigen binding receptor which initiates target cell lysis.",
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AU - Evans, D. L.

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AU - St John, A. L.

AU - Jaso-Friedmann, L.

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N2 - Monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 5C6 specifically binds to fish, rat and human NK cells and inhibits cytotoxicity. The molecule recognized by this MoAb is a 50-53-kDa membrane protein on rat leukaemic NK (CRC) cells. In the present study, we have obtained a partial internal amino acid sequence from a purified 42-kDa fragment of the CRC-function associated molecule (FAM). Three tryptic peptide fragments were sequenced and each showed homology to intermediate filament vimentin sequences as deduced from (GenBank) mouse cDNA sequences. Amino acid composition analysis indicated that similar to cytoskeletal vimentin, the FAM contained a high percentage of non-polar amino acids. To further assess the similarities between this protein and vimentin, two commercially available antivimentin MoAbs and one anti-vimentin polyclonal antibody were tested for binding and inhibition of NK cytotoxicity. All anti-vimentin MoAbs inhibited killing by rat NWNA cells of appropriate targets. Antivimentin MoAb 13.2 bound to 41% of NWNA cells compared with approximately 58% binding for MoAb 5C6. Capping and sequential binding experiments showed that MoAb 5C6 effectively removed, from CRC-cell membranes, the protein recognized by MoAb V9. Sequential addition of these two MoAbs (MoAb 13.2 followed by MoAb V9) to CRC cells did not produce competitive binding. Biochemical and Western blot analysis of the vimentin-like protein obtained from CRC cells indicated that this protein has a molecular weight of 48-50 kDa, with an isoelectric point of pH 6.1-6.3. This protein is cross-reactive by Western blot analysis with anti-vimentin and anti-intermediate filament (IFA) antigen MoAbs but not with anti-desmin or anti-actin MoAbs. The molecular weight heterogeneity (43 versus 48-50 kDa) of the CRC protein was also examined. Western blot analysis of the CRC extract after different in vitro incubation times at 37°C and 4°C demonstrated that the 50-53-kDa 'native' protein degraded to a 42-kDa protein by 24 and 48 h respectively. This degradation was inhibitable by 10 mM EGTA. Evidence is presented which indicates that a vimentin-like protein on transformed rat NK cells may be an antigen binding receptor which initiates target cell lysis.

AB - Monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 5C6 specifically binds to fish, rat and human NK cells and inhibits cytotoxicity. The molecule recognized by this MoAb is a 50-53-kDa membrane protein on rat leukaemic NK (CRC) cells. In the present study, we have obtained a partial internal amino acid sequence from a purified 42-kDa fragment of the CRC-function associated molecule (FAM). Three tryptic peptide fragments were sequenced and each showed homology to intermediate filament vimentin sequences as deduced from (GenBank) mouse cDNA sequences. Amino acid composition analysis indicated that similar to cytoskeletal vimentin, the FAM contained a high percentage of non-polar amino acids. To further assess the similarities between this protein and vimentin, two commercially available antivimentin MoAbs and one anti-vimentin polyclonal antibody were tested for binding and inhibition of NK cytotoxicity. All anti-vimentin MoAbs inhibited killing by rat NWNA cells of appropriate targets. Antivimentin MoAb 13.2 bound to 41% of NWNA cells compared with approximately 58% binding for MoAb 5C6. Capping and sequential binding experiments showed that MoAb 5C6 effectively removed, from CRC-cell membranes, the protein recognized by MoAb V9. Sequential addition of these two MoAbs (MoAb 13.2 followed by MoAb V9) to CRC cells did not produce competitive binding. Biochemical and Western blot analysis of the vimentin-like protein obtained from CRC cells indicated that this protein has a molecular weight of 48-50 kDa, with an isoelectric point of pH 6.1-6.3. This protein is cross-reactive by Western blot analysis with anti-vimentin and anti-intermediate filament (IFA) antigen MoAbs but not with anti-desmin or anti-actin MoAbs. The molecular weight heterogeneity (43 versus 48-50 kDa) of the CRC protein was also examined. Western blot analysis of the CRC extract after different in vitro incubation times at 37°C and 4°C demonstrated that the 50-53-kDa 'native' protein degraded to a 42-kDa protein by 24 and 48 h respectively. This degradation was inhibitable by 10 mM EGTA. Evidence is presented which indicates that a vimentin-like protein on transformed rat NK cells may be an antigen binding receptor which initiates target cell lysis.

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