An iridovirus (tentatively named SIV, sergestid iridovirus) that causes high mortality in the sergestid shrimp, Acetes erythraeus, was found in Madagascar in 2004. Severely affected shrimp exhibit a blue-green opalescence. Histological examination revealed massive cytoplasmic inclusions in the cuticular epithelial cells, connective tissues, ovary and testes. The electron microscopic examination showed paracrystalline arrays of virions at a size of 140 nm, suggesting infection with an iridovirus. A pair of PCR primers were selected from the conserved region of the major capsid protein (MCP)-coding sequence among insect iridoviruses and used to amplify a 1.0 kb fragment from the infected A. erythraeus. This fragment was cloned, sequenced and found to be highly similar (upto 80% similarity in translated amino acids with an E value of 1e-124) to the MCP of invertebrate iridoviruses. This clone was then labeled with digoxigenin-11-dUTP and hybridized to tissue sections of infected A. erythraeus, which reacted positively to the probe. The reacting tissues included epithelial cells, connective tissues, and the germinal cells; the same cells as those with inclusions. A PCR method was also developed from the MCP coding sequence for detecting SIV.
- Acetes erythraeus
- In situ hybridization
- Major capsid protein (MCP) gene
- Sergestid iridovirus (SIV)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics