Identification of Nrf2-dependent airway epithelial adaptive response to proinflammatory oxidant-hypochlorous acid challenge by transcription profiling

Lingxiang Zhu, Jingbo Pi, Shinichiro Wachi, Melvin E. Andersen, Reen Wu, Yin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In inflammatory diseases of the airway, a high level (estimated to be as high as 8 mM) of HOCl can be generated through a reaction catalyzed by the leukocyte granule enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO). HOCl, a potent oxidative agent, causes extensive tissue injury through its reaction with various cellular substances, including thiols, nucleotides, and amines. In addition to its physiological source, HOCl can also be generated by chlorine gas inhalation from an accident or a potential terrorist attack. Despite the important role of HOCl-induced airway epithelial injury, the underlying molecular mechanism is largely unknown. In the present study, we found that HOCl induced dose-dependent toxicity in airway epithelial cells. By transcription profiling using GeneChip, we identified a battery of HOCl-inducible antioxidant genes, all of which have been reported previously to be regulated by nuclear factor erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor that is critical to the lung antioxidant response. Consistent with this finding, Nrf2 was found to be activated time and dose dependently by HOCl. Although the epidermal growth factor receptor-MAPK pathway was also highly activated by HOCl, it was not involved in Nrf2 activation and Nrf2-dependent gene expression. Instead, HOCl-induced cellular oxidative stress appeared to lead directly to Nrf2 activation. To further understand the functional significance of Nrf2 activation, small interference RNA was used to knock down Nrf2 level by targeting Nrf2 or enhance nuclear accumulation of Nrf2 by targeting its endogenous inhibitor Keap1. By both methods, we conclude that Nrf2 directly protects airway epithelial cells from HOCl-induced toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume294
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hypochlorous Acid
Oxidants
Antioxidants
Epithelial Cells
Chlorine
Wounds and Injuries
RNA Interference
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Inhalation
Peroxidase
Accidents
Amines
Oxidative Stress
Leukocytes
Transcription Factors
Nucleotides
Gases
Gene Expression
Lung

Keywords

  • Airway epithelium
  • Antioxidant
  • Microarray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Identification of Nrf2-dependent airway epithelial adaptive response to proinflammatory oxidant-hypochlorous acid challenge by transcription profiling. / Zhu, Lingxiang; Pi, Jingbo; Wachi, Shinichiro; Andersen, Melvin E.; Wu, Reen; Chen, Yin.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Vol. 294, No. 3, 03.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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