Identification of T-cell epitopes in clotting factor IX and lack of tolerance in inbred mice

R. Greenwood, B. Wang, K. Midkiff, G. C. White, H. F. Lin, Jeffrey A Frelinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Immune responses to the factor IX protein pose problems for hemophilia B patients who develop antibodies against factor IX and for potential future treatment with gene therapy. To better define the response to human factor IX, we analyzed T-cell responses to human factor IX in factor IX knockout mice on BALB/c and C57BL/6 (B6) backgrounds, both strains having CD4{thorn} T cells that proliferate in response to human factor IX. Surprisingly, wild-type mice have similar factor IX-recognizing CD4{thorn} T cells. We defined a dominant CD4{thorn} epitope for each strain (CVETGVKITVVAGEH for BALB/c and LLELDEPLVLNSYVTPIC for B6) that was recognized by both factor IX knockout and wild-type mice. While human factor IX did not cross-react with the mouse homologs of these epitopes, immunization with peptides from murine factor IX stimulated proliferation in factor IX knockout mice and wild-type mice, demonstrating a failure to delete murine factor IX-specific T cells in normal mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Factor IX
T-Lymphocyte Epitopes
Blood Coagulation Factors
Knockout Mice
T-Lymphocytes
Epitopes
Hemophilia B
Genetic Therapy
Immunization

Keywords

  • Factor IX
  • T-cell epitope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Identification of T-cell epitopes in clotting factor IX and lack of tolerance in inbred mice. / Greenwood, R.; Wang, B.; Midkiff, K.; White, G. C.; Lin, H. F.; Frelinger, Jeffrey A.

In: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Vol. 1, No. 1, 01.2003, p. 95-102.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Greenwood, R. ; Wang, B. ; Midkiff, K. ; White, G. C. ; Lin, H. F. ; Frelinger, Jeffrey A. / Identification of T-cell epitopes in clotting factor IX and lack of tolerance in inbred mice. In: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2003 ; Vol. 1, No. 1. pp. 95-102.
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