Identification of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque using IVUS-based thermal strain imaging

Yan Shi, Russell S. Witte, Matthew O'Donnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pathology and autopsy studies have demonstrated that sudden disruption of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque is responsible for most acute coronary syndromes. These plaques are characterized by a lipid-rich core with abundant inflammatory cells and a thin fibrous cap. Thermal strain imaging (TSI) using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has been proposed for high-risk arterial plaque detection, in which image contrast results from the temperature dependence of sound speed. It has the potential to distinguish a lipid-laden lesion from the arterial vascular wall due to its strong contrast between water-bearing and lipid-bearing tissue. Initial simulations indicate plaque identification is possible for a 1°C temperature rise. A phantom experiment using an IVUS imaging array further supports the concept, and results agree reasonably well with prediction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)844-850
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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