Identification of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque using IVUS-based thermal strain imaging

Yan Shi, Russell S. Witte, Matthew O'Donnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pathology and autopsy studies have demonstrated that sudden disruption of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque is responsible for most acute coronary syndromes. These plaques are characterized by a lipid-rich core with abundant inflammatory cells and a thin fibrous cap. Thermal strain imaging (TSI) using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has been proposed for high-risk arterial plaque detection, in which image contrast results from the temperature dependence of sound speed. It has the potential to distinguish a lipid-laden lesion from the arterial vascular wall due to its strong contrast between water-bearing and lipid-bearing tissue. Initial simulations indicate plaque identification is possible for a 1°C temperature rise. A phantom experiment using an IVUS imaging array further supports the concept, and results agree reasonably well with prediction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)844-850
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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