Identifying primordial substructure in NGC 2264

Paula S. Teixeira, Charles J. Lada, Erick T. Young, Massimo Marengo, August Muench, James Muzerolle, Nick Siegler, George H. Rieke, Lee Hartmann, S. Thomas Megeath, Giovanni Fazio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present new Spitzer Space Telescope observations of the young cluster NGC 2264. Observations at 24 μm with the Multiband Imaging Photometer have enabled us to identify the most highly embedded and youngest objects in NGC 2264. This Letter reports on one particular region of NGC 2264 where bright 24 μm sources are spatially configured in curious linear structures with quasi-uniform separations. The majority of these sources (∼60%) are found to be protostellar in nature, with Class I spectral energy distributions. Comparison of their spatial distribution with submillimeter data from Wolf-Chase et al. and millimeter data from Peretto et al. shows a close correlation between the dust filaments and the linear spatial configurations of the protostars, indicating that star formation is occurring primarily within dense, dusty filaments. Finally, the quasi-uniform separations of the protostars are found to be comparable in magnitude to the expected Jeans length, suggesting thermal fragmentation of the dense filamentary material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume636
Issue number1 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Fingerprint

protostars
substructures
filaments
Space Infrared Telescope Facility
photometer
spectral energy distribution
photometers
star formation
spatial distribution
fragmentation
dust
configurations
energy
young
distribution
comparison
material

Keywords

  • Infrared: stars
  • Open clusters and associations: individual (NGC 2264)
  • Stars: formation
  • Stars: pre-main-sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Teixeira, P. S., Lada, C. J., Young, E. T., Marengo, M., Muench, A., Muzerolle, J., ... Fazio, G. (2006). Identifying primordial substructure in NGC 2264. Astrophysical Journal, 636(1 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/500009

Identifying primordial substructure in NGC 2264. / Teixeira, Paula S.; Lada, Charles J.; Young, Erick T.; Marengo, Massimo; Muench, August; Muzerolle, James; Siegler, Nick; Rieke, George H.; Hartmann, Lee; Thomas Megeath, S.; Fazio, Giovanni.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 636, No. 1 II, 01.01.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Teixeira, PS, Lada, CJ, Young, ET, Marengo, M, Muench, A, Muzerolle, J, Siegler, N, Rieke, GH, Hartmann, L, Thomas Megeath, S & Fazio, G 2006, 'Identifying primordial substructure in NGC 2264', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 636, no. 1 II. https://doi.org/10.1086/500009
Teixeira PS, Lada CJ, Young ET, Marengo M, Muench A, Muzerolle J et al. Identifying primordial substructure in NGC 2264. Astrophysical Journal. 2006 Jan 1;636(1 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/500009
Teixeira, Paula S. ; Lada, Charles J. ; Young, Erick T. ; Marengo, Massimo ; Muench, August ; Muzerolle, James ; Siegler, Nick ; Rieke, George H. ; Hartmann, Lee ; Thomas Megeath, S. ; Fazio, Giovanni. / Identifying primordial substructure in NGC 2264. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 636, No. 1 II.
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AB - We present new Spitzer Space Telescope observations of the young cluster NGC 2264. Observations at 24 μm with the Multiband Imaging Photometer have enabled us to identify the most highly embedded and youngest objects in NGC 2264. This Letter reports on one particular region of NGC 2264 where bright 24 μm sources are spatially configured in curious linear structures with quasi-uniform separations. The majority of these sources (∼60%) are found to be protostellar in nature, with Class I spectral energy distributions. Comparison of their spatial distribution with submillimeter data from Wolf-Chase et al. and millimeter data from Peretto et al. shows a close correlation between the dust filaments and the linear spatial configurations of the protostars, indicating that star formation is occurring primarily within dense, dusty filaments. Finally, the quasi-uniform separations of the protostars are found to be comparable in magnitude to the expected Jeans length, suggesting thermal fragmentation of the dense filamentary material.

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