Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are strong inhibitors of apoptosis and play a role in mediating the effects of growth hormone. Both IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels have been linked to cancer risk. Here, we explore the relationship between three common IGF polymorphisms [C/T single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs7965399) and a dinucleotide repeat (CA)n within the 5′ regulatory region of the IGF-1 gene and the -202 A/C SNP in the IGFBP-3 gene], serum levels and prostate cancer (Pca) risk in 767 African-Americans enrolled in a clinic-based case-control study. IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels were measured using immunochemiluminometric assay and the three polymorphisms were typed for 401 Pca cases and 366 age- and ethnicity-matched controls. Multiple linear regression and multivariable unconditional logistic regression were used to test for associations between genotypes and circulating IGF levels and Pca risk, respectively. The presence of at least one copy of the IGFBP-3 -202 C allele was strongly associated with lower IGFBP-3 serum levels (3532 versus 3106 ng/ml; P = 0.008). We also observed a 2-fold increase in Pca risk for individuals homozygous for the IGFBP-3 -202 C allele [odds ratio = 2.4; 95% confidence interval = 1.2-4.8). Furthermore, IGF-1 (CA)19 genotypes were significantly associated with lower IGFBP-3 serum levels (P = 0.003). Our results reveal that variation in the 5′-untranslated region of the IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 genes may be influencing IGF serum levels and Pca risk in African-Americans and suggest a need to explore this variation across diverse populations. Our study adds clarity and further support to the previous findings, implicating serum IGFBP-3 levels and the IGFBP-3 -202 A/C SNP in prostate carcinogenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research