Rheumatoid arthritis is a T lymphocyte-mediated disorder, but the precise nature of T cell involvement remains unclear. In the K/BxN mouse model of inflammatory arthritis, T cells initiate disease by providing help to B cells to produce arthritogenic autoantibodies. Here,wehave characterized an additional, nonhumoral role for T cells in promoting autoantibody-induced arthritis. AutoreactiveKRNT cells introduced either by direct transfer or bone marrow transplantation into B-cell-deficient hosts enhanced K/BxN serum-transferred arthritis, an effect that was dependent on expression of the cognate MHC-molecule/peptide complex. The T cell influence was dependent on interleukin (IL)-17; in contrast, standard serum-transferred arthritis, unenhanced by the addition of T cells, was unaffected by IL-17 neutralization. An IL-17-producing population of transferred KRN T cells was identified and found to be supported by the cotransfer of arthritogenic autoantibodies. IL-17-producing KRN T cells were enriched in inflamed joints of K/BxN mice, suggesting either selective recruitment or preferential differentiation. These results demonstrate the potential for autoreactive T cells to play two roles in the development of arthritis, both driving the production of pathogenic autoantibodies and bolstering the subsequent inflammatory cascade dependent on the innate immune system.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Dec 22 2009|
- Arthritis model
- Th17 cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas