Imagining a better memory: Self-imagination in memory-impaired patients

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Abstract

Recent research has demonstrated that self-referential strategies can be applied to improve memory in memory-impaired populations. However, little is known regarding the mnemonic mechanisms and relative effectiveness of self-referential strategies in memory-impaired individuals. This study investigated the benefit of a new self-referential strategy known as selfimagination, traditional self-referential strategies, and non-self-referential strategies on free recall in memory-impaired patients with acquired brain injury and in healthy control respondents. The data revealed an advantage of self-imagining in free recall relative to all other strategies in patients and control respondents. Findings also demonstrated that, in the patients only, a selfreferential strategy that relied on semantic information in self-knowledge was more effective than a self-referential strategy that relied on autobiographical episodic information. This study provides new evidence to support the clinical utility of self-imagining as a memory strategy and has implications for the future development and implementation of self-referential strategies in memory rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-99
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Psychological Science
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2013

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Keywords

  • Autobiographical memory
  • Intervention
  • Memory
  • Neuropsychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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