Impact of a Locally Measured H0 on the Interpretation of Cosmic-chronometer Data

Jun Jie Wei, Fulvio Melia, Xue Feng Wu

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many measurements in cosmology depend on the use of integrated distances or time, but galaxies evolving passively on a timescale much longer than their age difference allow us to determine the expansion rate H(z) solely as a function of the redshift-time derivative dz/dt. These model-independent "cosmic chronometers" can therefore be powerful discriminators for testing different cosmologies. In previous applications, the available sources strongly disfavored models (such as ΛCDM) predicting a variable acceleration, preferring instead a steady expansion rate over the redshift range 0 ≲ z ≲ 2. A more recent catalog of 30 objects appears to suggest non-steady expansion. In this paper, we show that such a result is entirely due to the inclusion of a high, locally inferred value of the Hubble constant H0 as an additional datum in a set of otherwise pure cosmic-chronometer measurements. This H0, however, is not the same as the background Hubble constant if the local expansion rate is influenced by a Hubble Bubble. Used on their own, the cosmic chronometers completely reverse this conclusion, favoring instead a constant expansion rate out to z ∼ 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number270
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume835
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

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Keywords

  • cosmological parameters
  • cosmology: observations
  • cosmology: theory
  • distance scale
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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