This retrospective observational review compares patient characteristics and in-hospital and long-term outcomes of cohorts of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction (MI) prior to the use of stents (as well as glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor and dual-antiplatelet therapy) with PCI in the stent era. Cardiogenic shock remains the leading cause of hospital mortality from acute MI. This is a report of consecutive patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute MI, without mechanical complication, referred for emergency catheterization to a single operator at two consecutive Veterans Affairs medical centers over a 15-year period (1988 to August 2003), PCI was attempted in all 93 cases: 44 consecutive patients in the prestent era and 49 consecutive patients in the stent era. Patients with comparable extent of coronary disease, more ST elevation myocardial infarction, multiple areas of infarction, and greater comorbidity underwent PCI in the stent era. Nevertheless, PCI in the stent era was associated with higher rates of acute success and improved in-hospital survival. Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank testing showed highly significant improvement in overall survival (P < 0.0001). Logistic regression of in-hospital survival demonstrated that stent use (collinear with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa use and dual-antiplatelet therapy) was significantly associated with survival in a model adjusting for extent of coronary disease and comorbidities (P = 0.007). Stents and abciximab have been associated with improved acute angiographic and procedural success of PCI for cardiogenic shock, leading to improved survival.
- Cardiogenic shock
- Coronary artery disease
- Myocardial infarction
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging