Impact of Wildfire Emissions on Chloride and Bromide Depletion in Marine Aerosol Particles

Rachel A. Braun, Hossein Dadashazar, Alexander B. Macdonald, Abdulamonam M. Aldhaif, Lindsay C. Maudlin, Ewan Crosbie, Mojtaba Azadi Aghdam, Ali Hossein Mardi, Armin Sorooshian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work examines particulate chloride (Cl-) and bromide (Br-) depletion in marine aerosol particles influenced by wildfires at a coastal California site in the summers of 2013 and 2016. Chloride exhibited a dominant coarse mode due to sea salt influence, with substantially diminished concentrations during fire periods as compared to nonfire periods. Bromide exhibited a peak in the submicrometer range during fire and nonfire periods, with an additional supermicrometer peak in the latter periods. Chloride and Br- depletions were enhanced during fire periods as compared to nonfire periods. The highest observed %Cl- depletion occurred in the submicrometer range, with maximum values of 98.9% (0.32-0.56 μm) and 85.6% (0.56-1 μm) during fire and nonfire periods, respectively. The highest %Br- depletion occurred in the supermicrometer range during fire and nonfire periods with peak depletion between 1.8-3.2 μm (78.8% and 58.6%, respectively). When accounting for the neutralization of sulfate by ammonium, organic acid particles showed the greatest influence on Cl- depletion in the submicrometer range. These results have implications for aerosol hygroscopicity and radiative forcing in areas with wildfire influence owing to depletion effects on composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9013-9021
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume51
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2017

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Aerosols
Bromides
bromide
wildfire
Chlorides
Fires
chloride
aerosol
hygroscopicity
Organic acids
Ammonium Sulfate
sea salt
radiative forcing
neutralization
organic acid
ammonium
Salts
sulfate
summer
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Impact of Wildfire Emissions on Chloride and Bromide Depletion in Marine Aerosol Particles. / Braun, Rachel A.; Dadashazar, Hossein; Macdonald, Alexander B.; Aldhaif, Abdulamonam M.; Maudlin, Lindsay C.; Crosbie, Ewan; Aghdam, Mojtaba Azadi; Hossein Mardi, Ali; Sorooshian, Armin.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 51, No. 16, 15.08.2017, p. 9013-9021.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Braun, RA, Dadashazar, H, Macdonald, AB, Aldhaif, AM, Maudlin, LC, Crosbie, E, Aghdam, MA, Hossein Mardi, A & Sorooshian, A 2017, 'Impact of Wildfire Emissions on Chloride and Bromide Depletion in Marine Aerosol Particles', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 51, no. 16, pp. 9013-9021. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b02039
Braun RA, Dadashazar H, Macdonald AB, Aldhaif AM, Maudlin LC, Crosbie E et al. Impact of Wildfire Emissions on Chloride and Bromide Depletion in Marine Aerosol Particles. Environmental Science and Technology. 2017 Aug 15;51(16):9013-9021. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b02039
Braun, Rachel A. ; Dadashazar, Hossein ; Macdonald, Alexander B. ; Aldhaif, Abdulamonam M. ; Maudlin, Lindsay C. ; Crosbie, Ewan ; Aghdam, Mojtaba Azadi ; Hossein Mardi, Ali ; Sorooshian, Armin. / Impact of Wildfire Emissions on Chloride and Bromide Depletion in Marine Aerosol Particles. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2017 ; Vol. 51, No. 16. pp. 9013-9021.
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