Implementation of tobacco cessation quitline practices in the United States and Canada

Jessie E. Saul, Joseph A Bonito, Keith Provan, Erin Ruppel, Scott J. Leischow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We examined relationships between implementation of tobacco quitline practices, levels of evidence of practices, and quitline reach and spending.

Methods: In June and July 2009, a total of 176 quitline funders and providers in the United States and Canada completed a survey on quitline practices, in particular quitline-level implementation for the reported practices. From these data, we selected and categorized evidence-based and emerging quitline practices by the strength of the evidence for each practice to increase quitline efficacy and reach.

Results: The proportion of quitlines implementing each practice ranged from 3% (text messaging) to 92% (providing a multiple-call protocol). Implementation of practices showing higher levels of evidence for increasing either reach or efficacy showed moderate but significant positive correlations with both reach outcomes and spending levels. The strongest correlation was between reach outcomes and spending levels (r = 0.80; P < .01).

Conclusions: The strong relationship between quitline spending and reach reinforces the need to increase quitline funding to levels commensurate with national cessation goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e98-e105
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume104
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use Cessation
Text Messaging
Tobacco
Canada
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Implementation of tobacco cessation quitline practices in the United States and Canada. / Saul, Jessie E.; Bonito, Joseph A; Provan, Keith; Ruppel, Erin; Leischow, Scott J.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 104, No. 10, 01.10.2014, p. e98-e105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Saul, Jessie E. ; Bonito, Joseph A ; Provan, Keith ; Ruppel, Erin ; Leischow, Scott J. / Implementation of tobacco cessation quitline practices in the United States and Canada. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2014 ; Vol. 104, No. 10. pp. e98-e105.
@article{db8ade34598d483ab0d2cb669e6f93f6,
title = "Implementation of tobacco cessation quitline practices in the United States and Canada",
abstract = "Objectives: We examined relationships between implementation of tobacco quitline practices, levels of evidence of practices, and quitline reach and spending.Methods: In June and July 2009, a total of 176 quitline funders and providers in the United States and Canada completed a survey on quitline practices, in particular quitline-level implementation for the reported practices. From these data, we selected and categorized evidence-based and emerging quitline practices by the strength of the evidence for each practice to increase quitline efficacy and reach.Results: The proportion of quitlines implementing each practice ranged from 3{\%} (text messaging) to 92{\%} (providing a multiple-call protocol). Implementation of practices showing higher levels of evidence for increasing either reach or efficacy showed moderate but significant positive correlations with both reach outcomes and spending levels. The strongest correlation was between reach outcomes and spending levels (r = 0.80; P < .01).Conclusions: The strong relationship between quitline spending and reach reinforces the need to increase quitline funding to levels commensurate with national cessation goals.",
author = "Saul, {Jessie E.} and Bonito, {Joseph A} and Keith Provan and Erin Ruppel and Leischow, {Scott J.}",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2105/AJPH.2014.302074",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "104",
pages = "e98--e105",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Implementation of tobacco cessation quitline practices in the United States and Canada

AU - Saul, Jessie E.

AU - Bonito, Joseph A

AU - Provan, Keith

AU - Ruppel, Erin

AU - Leischow, Scott J.

PY - 2014/10/1

Y1 - 2014/10/1

N2 - Objectives: We examined relationships between implementation of tobacco quitline practices, levels of evidence of practices, and quitline reach and spending.Methods: In June and July 2009, a total of 176 quitline funders and providers in the United States and Canada completed a survey on quitline practices, in particular quitline-level implementation for the reported practices. From these data, we selected and categorized evidence-based and emerging quitline practices by the strength of the evidence for each practice to increase quitline efficacy and reach.Results: The proportion of quitlines implementing each practice ranged from 3% (text messaging) to 92% (providing a multiple-call protocol). Implementation of practices showing higher levels of evidence for increasing either reach or efficacy showed moderate but significant positive correlations with both reach outcomes and spending levels. The strongest correlation was between reach outcomes and spending levels (r = 0.80; P < .01).Conclusions: The strong relationship between quitline spending and reach reinforces the need to increase quitline funding to levels commensurate with national cessation goals.

AB - Objectives: We examined relationships between implementation of tobacco quitline practices, levels of evidence of practices, and quitline reach and spending.Methods: In June and July 2009, a total of 176 quitline funders and providers in the United States and Canada completed a survey on quitline practices, in particular quitline-level implementation for the reported practices. From these data, we selected and categorized evidence-based and emerging quitline practices by the strength of the evidence for each practice to increase quitline efficacy and reach.Results: The proportion of quitlines implementing each practice ranged from 3% (text messaging) to 92% (providing a multiple-call protocol). Implementation of practices showing higher levels of evidence for increasing either reach or efficacy showed moderate but significant positive correlations with both reach outcomes and spending levels. The strongest correlation was between reach outcomes and spending levels (r = 0.80; P < .01).Conclusions: The strong relationship between quitline spending and reach reinforces the need to increase quitline funding to levels commensurate with national cessation goals.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907221195&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907221195&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302074

DO - 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302074

M3 - Article

VL - 104

SP - e98-e105

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 10

ER -