Implications of diurnal changes in leaf PRI on remote measurements of light use efficiency

Matti Mõttus, Juho Aalto, Luiz Aragão, Jaana Bäck, Rocío Hernández-Clemente, Eduardo Eiji Maeda, Vincent Markiet, Caroline J. Nichol, Raimundo Cosme Oliveira, Natalia Restrepo-Coupe, Scott Saleska

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The spectral properties of plant leaves reflect the state of their photosynthetic apparatus and the surrounding environment. A well-known mechanism of photosynthetic downregulation, active on the time scale from minutes to hours, is caused by reversible changes in the xanthophyll cycle pigments. These changes affect leaf spectral absorption and are frequently quantified using the Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI). This index can thus be used to monitor the photosynthetic status of the vegetation canopy, potentially from a large distance, and allows for a global satellite-based monitoring of photosynthesis. Such Earth observation satellites in near-polar orbits usually cover the same geographical location at the same local solar time at regular intervals. To facilitate the interpretation of these instantaneous remote PRI measurements and scale them to longer timescales, we measured the daily course of leaf PRI in two evergreen biomes: European boreal forest and Amazon rainforest. The daily course of PRI was different for the two locations. In Amazon, PRI was driven by incident Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD). In the boreal location, PRI and PPFD were decoupled and PRI indicated downregulation only in the afternoon. This downregulation was confirmed with carbon exchange measurements. The study demonstrates the utility of biome-specific daily PRI curves for scaling instantaneous remote measurements to daily values and comparing data acquired at different times of day.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages9007-9010
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538671504
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 31 2018
Event38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Valencia, Spain
Duration: Jul 22 2018Jul 27 2018

Publication series

NameInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Volume2018-July

Conference

Conference38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018
CountrySpain
CityValencia
Period7/22/187/27/18

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Keywords

  • Amazon rainforest
  • Betula Pendula
  • Boreal forest
  • Light Use Efficiency
  • Manilkara elata
  • Photochemical Reflectance Index
  • Pinus sylvestris

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Mõttus, M., Aalto, J., Aragão, L., Bäck, J., Hernández-Clemente, R., Maeda, E. E., ... Saleska, S. (2018). Implications of diurnal changes in leaf PRI on remote measurements of light use efficiency. In 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings (pp. 9007-9010). [8517554] (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS); Vol. 2018-July). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8517554