In the relay placement problem, the input is a set of sensors and a number r ≥ 1, the communication range of a relay. In the one-tier version of the problem, the objective is to place a minimum number of relays so that between every pair of sensors there is a path through sensors and/or relays such that the consecutive vertices of the path are within distance r if both vertices are relays and within distance 1 otherwise. The two-tier version adds the restrictions that the path must go through relays, and not through sensors. We present a 3.11-approximation algorithm for the one-tier version and a polynomial-time approximation scheme (PTAS) for the two-tier version. We also show that the one-tier version admits no PTAS, assuming P ≠ NP.
- Approximation algorithms
- Polynomial-time approximation scheme (PTAS)
- Sensor networks
- Steiner minimum spanning tree
- Wireless networks
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mathematics (miscellaneous)