A retroreflector array improves the visual quality of three-dimensional (3D) image in the pinhole-type integral imaging display. Conventionally, the limited size of the apertures of the pinhole array restricts the fill factor of the pixelated 3D images. We propose a system with a retroreflector, which consists of the array of corner cubes that increases the fill factor of the pixel by the diffraction. The pixel spreading model is developed by an equivalent corner cube structure. The simulation of pixel spreading by the Fraunhofer diffraction agrees well with experimental results, and proves the effectiveness of the proposed method to improve the visual quality while not sacrificing the viewing angle and the depth perception.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics