Improvements in well-being and cardiac metrics of stress following a yogic breathing workshop: Randomized controlled trial with active comparison

Michael R. Goldstein, Rivian K. Lewin, John J.B. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Compare two distinct psychosocial stress-management workshops. Participants: Undergraduate and graduate students (n = 69 for analysis, completed April 2017). Methods: Participants were randomized to one of two workshops (Sudarshan Kriya Yoga, SKY; Wisdom On Wellness, WOW), matched in terms of duration, group size, etc. Outcomes were questionnaires and psychophysiological response to laboratory stress induction at pre, post, and 3-month follow-up. Results: SKY and WOW participants demonstrated similar workshop ratings and retention rates. SKY demonstrated greater improvements on a number of self-report measures relative to WOW, including perceived stress, sleep, social connectedness, distress, anxiety, depression, conscientiousness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Both groups improved in terms of heart rate measures of stress reactivity, however, these outcomes were partially related to changes in resting values at post-workshop and follow-up. Conclusions: These findings offer insight into unique patterns of change between yogic breathing, acceptance-based approaches to stress management versus cognitively based approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of American College Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Health education
  • heart rate
  • mental health
  • mindfulness
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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