Improving community survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Prashant Rao, Karl B. Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Out of hospital cardiac arrest affects 350,000 Americans yearly and is associated with a high mortality rate. Improving survival rates in this population rests on the prompt and effective implementation of four key principles. These include 1) early recognition of cardiac arrest 2) early use of chest compressions 3) early defibrillation, which in turn emphasizes the importance of public access defibrillation programs and potential for drone technology to allow for early defibrillation in private or rural settings 4) early and aggressive post-arrest care including the consideration of therapeutic hypothermia, early coronary angiography +/-percutaneous coronary intervention and a hyper-invasive approach to out-of-hospital refractory cardiac arrest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-84
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reviews
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Chain of survival
  • Chest compressions
  • Community survival rate
  • Post arrest care
  • Sudden cardiac death (SCD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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