In-line Spectral Interferometry in Shortwave-Infrared Laser Filaments in Air

Xiaoming Ren, Yang Wang, Zenghu Chang, James Welch, Aaron Bernstein, Michael Downer, Jeffrey Brown, Mette Gaarde, Arnaud Couairon, Miroslav Kolesik, Pavel Polynkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We investigate the nonlinear propagation of intense, two-cycle, carrier-envelope phase (CEP) stable laser pulses at 1.7  μm center wavelength in air. We observe CEP-dependent spectral interference in the visible part of the forward-propagating white light generated on propagation. The effect is robust against large fluctuations of the input pulse energy. This robustness is enabled by rigid clamping of both the peak optical field and the phase of the propagating waveform, which has been revealed by numerical simulations. The CEP locking can enhance the yield of the CEP-dependent strong-field processes in gaseous media with long-wavelength drivers, while the observed spectral interference enables single-shot, stand-off CEP metrology in the atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 2019


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Ren, X., Wang, Y., Chang, Z., Welch, J., Bernstein, A., Downer, M., ... Polynkin, P. (2019). In-line Spectral Interferometry in Shortwave-Infrared Laser Filaments in Air. Physical review letters, 123(22).