Theory: The theory addresses the forces that determine the real wages which workers receive. It is proposed that in the free market system, worker power plays a crucial mediating role between economic considerations involving labor supply and productivity, and the real wages available to workers in the economy. Hypotheses: In moderate and weak worker power countries, real wages will vary inversely with the labor supply in terms of domestic unemployment and international trade. In strong worker power countries, real wages will vary with changes in productivity and inflation. Methods: Separate regression analyses are developed for 10 countries varying in their level of worker power, over a 30 year time frame. Results: In moderate and weak worker power countries, changes in real wages were best predicted by levels of unemployment and changes in global trading. In strong worker power countries, changes in real wages were best predicted by changes in productivity and inflation, although in one case of a strong worker power country, a significant positive association occurred between global trading and real wages.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science
- Political Science and International Relations