PURPOSE: To evaluate effect of controlled stent-based release of an NO donor to limit in-stent restenosis in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bioerodable microspheres containing NO donor or biodegradable polymer (polylactide-co-glycolide-polyethylene glycol) were prepared and loaded in channeled stents. Daily concentrations of NO release from NO-containing microspheres were assayed in vitro. NO- and polymer-containing (control) microsphere-loaded stents were deployed in aortas of New Zealand white rabbits (n = 8). Aortas with stents were harvested at 7 (n = 5) and 28 days (n = 3) and evaluated for cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) levels (7 days), number of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive cells (7 days), and intima-to-media ratio (7 and 28 days), with statistical significance evaluated by using one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: NO-containing microspheres released NO with an initial bolus in the 1st week, followed by sustained release for the remaining 3 weeks. Significant increase in cGMP levels and decrease in proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive cells were found at 7 days for the NO-treated group relative to controls (P < .05). Intima-to-media ratio in the NO-treated group was reduced by 46% and 32% relative to controls at 7 and 28 days, respectively (mean, 0.14 ± 0.01 [standard error] vs 0.26 ± 0.02 at 7 days, P < .01; 1.34 ± 0.05 vs 1.98 ± 0.08 at 28 days, P < .01). CONCLUSION: Stent-based controlled release of NO donor significantly reduces in-stent restenosis and is associated with increase in vascular cGMP and suppression of proliferation.
- Animals Arteries
- Experimental study Stents and prostheses
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging