Phytohemagglutinin is a glycoprotein that accumulates in the protein storage vacuoles of bean seeds. The mature glycoprotein has a high-mannose and a complex glycan. We describe here the use of site-directed mutagenesis and expression of the mutated genes in transgenic tobacco to study the role of glycans in intracellular targeting. The reading frame for phytohemagglutinin-L was mutated so that either one or both of the glycosylation signals were disrupted to specifically prevent the attachment of asparagine-linked glycans. Expression of these genes with the beta-phaseolin promoter in the seeds of transgenic tobacco plants showed that phytohemagglutinin-L with only one glycan or without glycans was correctly targeted to the protein storage vacuoles of the seeds. Furthermore, the absence of either the complex glycan or the high-mannose glycan did not alter the processing of the other glycan. On the basis of these results, we propose that the targeting signal of this vacuolar protein is contained in its polypeptide domain and not in its glycans.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology