Regulation of taurine transport and accumulation in explanted fetal mouse hearts is shown to be under osmotic control. All osmotic agents studied, both ionic (NaCl, LiCl, choline Cl) and nonionic (sucrose, glucose) stimulated [3H]-taurine transport during an incubation of 19 h. Hyperosmotic stimulation of transport achieved statistical significance by 3 h in the presence of sucrose (P<0.05). After 1 h, 40 mm naCl engendered a 56% increase in [3H]-taurine transport (P<0.01). The NaCl stimulation at 1 h may relate more to the transport system's absolute sodium ion requirement than hyperosmotic stimulation. Incremental addition of NaCl or sucrose linearly stimulates [3H]-taurine transport in an incubation of 19 h. Total taurine, measured by HPLC, increased 25% with addition of either 40 mm NaCl or 80 mm sucrose. Hyperosmotic stimulation of transport was not blocked with propranolol but was additive to β-adrenergic stimulation of transport. Osmotic change in Km (0.51→0.43 mm). After 1 h preincubation with a hypersomotic addition phenylalanine transport was measured, but was not different from control. Phenylalanine accumulation measured during 19 h incubation similarly was not altered. Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats had elevated plasma osmolarities (295±2.1→322±1.3 mosmol) and cardiac taurine (24.3±1.2→36±1.0μmol/g wet wt.). The data presented demonstrates that mammalian cardiac taurine is regulated by the osmotic environment of the heart, suggesting an osmoregulatory function for intracellular taurine and physiological relevance in disease states such as diabetes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine